- (in Russia)
- a member of the more radical majority of the Social Democratic Party, 1903–17, advocating immediate and forceful seizure of power by the proletariat.
- (after 1918) a member of the Russian Communist Party.
- (loosely) a member of any Communist party.
- (often lowercase) Disparaging. a contemptuous term used to refer to an extreme radical or revolutionary.
Origin of Bolshevik
Examples from the Web for bolshevik
After the October 1917 Bolshevik Revolution, Russia was too much of a mess to keep fighting Germany.Russian History Is on Our Side: Putin Will Surely Screw Himself
P. J. O’Rourke
May 11, 2014
It just doesn't fit with what real people do, in real life, no more than the Bolshevik 'Soviet man' is real.Why Aren't There More Women Libertarians, Ctd?
January 8, 2013
The vice president of Iran announces that no Jews were killed during the Bolshevik Revolution.Are the Iranian Leaders Morons?
June 27, 2012
The Bolshevik Revolution stamped out the city's vibrant and multilingual character.Great Weekend Reads
The Daily Beast
March 5, 2011
The only major difference between Trotsky and his fellow Bolshevik leaders was that he never got the chance to wield total power.The Trotsky Legend Debunked
December 8, 2009
Gay cannot be a Bolshevik, because he is too well educated and too clever for it.
I did not fear him because I saw that he was not a Bolshevik and later had confirmation of this.
In Russia "Bolshevik" means majority, and "Menshevik" minority.Bolshevism: A Curse & Danger to the Workers
Henry William Lee
It was only a matter of moments until the whole Bolshevik band would be upon him.
The Bolshevik band will be here in less than twenty-four hours.
- (formerly) a Russian CommunistCompare Menshevik
- any Communist
- (often not capital) jocular, derogatory any political radical, esp a revolutionary
Word Origin and History for bolshevik
1917, from Russian bol'shiy "greater," comparative of adjective bol'shoy "big, great" (cf. Bolshoi Ballet), from Old Church Slavonic boljiji "larger," from PIE root *bel- "strong" (cf. Sanskrit balam "strength, force," Greek beltion "better," Phrygian balaios "big, fast," Old Irish odbal "strong," Welsh balch "proud;" Middle Dutch, Low German, Frisian pal "strong, firm").
It was the faction of the Russian Social Democratic Worker's Party after a split in 1903 that was either larger or more extreme (or both) than the Mensheviks (from Russian men'shij "less"); after they seized power in 1917, applied generally to Russian communists. Bolshevism is recorded from 1917.