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bronze

[bronz]
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noun
  1. Metallurgy.
    1. any of various alloys consisting essentially of copper and tin, the tin content not exceeding 11 percent.
    2. any of various other alloys having a large copper content.
  2. a metallic brownish color.
  3. a work of art, as a statue, statuette, bust, or medal, composed of bronze.
  4. Numismatics. a coin made of bronze, especially one from the Roman Empire.
verb (used with object), bronzed, bronz·ing.
  1. to give the appearance or color of bronze to.
  2. to make brown, as by exposure to the sun: The sun bronzed his face.
  3. Printing.
    1. to apply a fine metallic powder to (the ink of a printed surface) in order to create a glossy effect.
    2. to apply a fine metallic powder to (areas of a reproduction proof on acetate) in order to increase opacity.
adjective
  1. having the color bronze.

Origin of bronze

1730–40; < French < Italian, of obscure origin
Related formsbronz·y, bronze·like, adjectivepre·bronze, adjectivequa·si-bronze, adjectiveun·bronzed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for bronze

bronze

noun
    1. any hard water-resistant alloy consisting of copper and smaller proportions of tin and sometimes zinc and lead
    2. any similar copper alloy containing other elements in place of tin, such as aluminium bronze, beryllium bronze, etcSee also phosphor bronze, gunmetal Compare brass (def. 1)
  1. a yellowish-brown colour or pigment
  2. a statue, medal, or other object made of bronze
  3. short for bronze medal
adjective
  1. made of or resembling bronze
  2. of a yellowish-brown coloura bronze skin
verb
  1. (esp of the skin) to make or become brown; tan
  2. (tr) to give the appearance of bronze to
Derived Formsbronzy, adjective

Word Origin

C18: from French, from Italian bronzo, perhaps ultimately from Latin Brundisium Brindisi, famed for its bronze
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for bronze

n.

1721, "alloy of copper and tin," from French bronze, from Italian bronzo, from Medieval Latin bronzium. Perhaps cognate (via notion of color) with Venetian bronza "glowing coals," or German brunst "fire." Perhaps influenced by Latin Brundisium the Italian town of Brindisi (Pliny writes of aes Brundusinum). Perhaps ultimately from Persian birinj "copper."

In Middle English, the distinction between bronze (copper-tin alloy) and brass (copper-zinc alloy) was not clear, and both were called bras. A bronze medal was given to a third-place finisher since at least 1852. The archaeological Bronze Age (1865) falls between the Stone and Iron ages, and is a reference to the principal material for making weapons and ornaments.

v.

1640s, literally, 1726 figuratively, from French bronzer (16c.) or else from bronze (n.). Related: Bronzed; bronzing. Meaning "to make to be bronze in color" is from 1792.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

bronze in Science

bronze

[brŏnz]
  1. A yellow or brown alloy of copper and tin, sometimes with small amounts of other metals such as lead or zinc. Bronze is harder than brass and is used both in industry and in art.
  2. An alloy of copper and certain metals other than tin, such as aluminum.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

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