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bruise

[brooz] /bruz/
verb (used with object), bruised, bruising.
1.
to injure by striking or pressing, without breaking the skin:
The blow bruised his arm. Her pinching bruised the peaches.
2.
to injure or hurt slightly, as with an insult or unkind remark:
to bruise a person's feelings.
3.
to crush (drugs or food) by beating or pounding.
4.
Metalworking. to injure the surface of (an ingot or finished object) by collision.
verb (used without object), bruised, bruising.
5.
to develop or bear a discolored spot on the skin as the result of a blow, fall, etc.
6.
to become injured slightly:
His feelings bruise easily.
noun
7.
an injury due to bruising; contusion.
Origin of bruise
900
before 900; Middle English bro(o)sen, bres(s)en, bris(s)en, bruisen, representing Old English brȳsan, brēsan and Anglo-French bruser, Old French bruisier, akin to briser to break; see brisance
Related forms
unbruised, adjective
Can be confused
brews, bruise.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for bruising
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • I thought I was being charged by cavalry, but beyond a good deal of bruising I escaped unhurt.

    Across China on Foot Edwin Dingle
  • Closer and closer she pressed them to her, till it seemed as though she must be bruising her flesh.

    Fraternity John Galsworthy
  • Once he fell, bruising his knee severely, and picked himself up, sobbing piteously.

    Jerome, A Poor Man Mary E. Wilkins Freeman
  • He stumbled, sprawled upon the iced pavement, bruising his face.

    Erik Dorn Ben Hecht
  • Rounded hammer-stones; many of which show signs of bruising and hard wear.

    Stonehenge Frank Stevens
British Dictionary definitions for bruising

bruising

/ˈbruːzɪŋ/
adjective
1.
causing bruises, as by a blow
2.
aggressively antagonistic; hurtful: four months of bruising negotiation
noun
3.
a bruise or bruises

bruise

/bruːz/
verb (mainly transitive)
1.
(also intransitive) to injure (tissues) without breaking the skin, usually with discoloration, or (of tissues) to be injured in this way
2.
to offend or injure (someone's feelings) by an insult, unkindness, etc
3.
to damage the surface of (something), as by a blow
4.
to crush (food, etc) by pounding or pressing
noun
5.
a bodily injury without a break in the skin, usually with discoloration; contusion
Word Origin
Old English brӯsan, of Celtic origin; compare Irish brūigim I bruise
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bruising

bruise

v.

Old English brysan "to crush, bruise, pound," from Proto-Germanic *brusjanan, from PIE root *bhreus- "to smash, crush" (cf. Old Irish bronnaim "I wrong, I hurt;" Breton brezel "war," Vulgar Latin brisare "to break"). Merged by 17c. with Anglo-French bruiser "to break, smash," from Old French bruisier "to break, shatter," perhaps from Gaulish *brus-, from the same PIE root. Related: Bruised; bruising.

n.

1540s, from bruise (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bruising in Medicine

bruise (brōōz)
n.
An injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is unbroken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations; a contusion.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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