Mills has chosen the opinion of Robertus Monachus, who states that the message of the calif was haughty and insolent.
The calif, after hearing what the embassador had to say, refused to comply.
The calif then attacked the extreme left wing of the army, but was again driven off.
After that Almamon the calif entered Ægypt, and saw the Pyramids.
The calif paid him singular honours; and at last raised him to the highest rank in his army.
calif Mdowija, who died in 679, is regarded as the founder of the Arabian posts.
To accomplish this purpose the calif resorted to a very singular device.
Its populations belong to it by descent; its head is the calif (now the Sultan of Turkey).
The rent was cheap and everything was furnished just as it had been when Dr. calif was alive.
Nothing could afford a nobler proof of a great, a liberal, and a delicate mind, than the choice evinced by the calif in his gift.
late 14c., from Old French caliphe (12c., also algalife), from Medieval Latin califa, from Arabic khalifa "successor," originally Abu-Bakr, who succeeded Muhammad in the role of leader of the faithful after the prophet's death.