On the deliberate exclusion of the humanists from the cardinalate by the popes before Leo, comp.
He died in 1638, just as the cardinalate was to be conferred upon him.
It bears no date, and may have been designed any time after the minister's elevation to the cardinalate in September 1514.
The thirteen signed by order of seniority in the cardinalate.
At the latest Consistory he had been nominated to the cardinalate.
Beaton was elected to the cardinalate in Dec. 1538; did he visit Rome after that?
He was raised to the cardinalate, and his nephew and heir, Antoine de Blanchefort, assumed the name and arms of Crquy.
Nicolas accordingly raised him to the cardinalate in 1278, called him to Rome, and thus forced him to resign the archbishopric.
It is estimated that this cardinalate cost France about eight million francs.
After his elevation to the cardinalate the prince gave orders for his suitable conveyance to the Papal Court.