Father Federico Lombardi, the Vatican spokesman, has insisted that “no woman” and “no cardinals” are under investigation.
Tim Marchman talks to former cardinals manager Tony La Russa on managing after a death.
As the conclave for new pope nears, Catholics are calling for cardinals embroiled in sex-abuse scandals to abstain from voting.
The cardinals were also required to swear an oath of fidelity to “Blessed Peter in the person of the Supreme Pontiff.”
The Italian cardinals could be the kingmakers when it comes to picking the next pope.
And immediately the door bursting open, an Officer of the cardinals Guard, with a file of soldiers, entered the church.
The cardinals kissed the Pope's hand, the priests his toe or foot.
It has never, for instance, been considered necessary to cite the names of the cardinals composing that regiment of victims.
He called upon the Pope and cardinals to return at once to Rome.
He glanced around and saw that Ugolini and a number of other cardinals, both French and Italian, had gathered to listen.
early 12c., "one of the ecclesiastical princes who constitute the sacred college" (short for cardinalis ecclesiae Romanae or episcopus cardinalis), from Latin cardinalis "principal, chief, essential" (see cardinal (adj.)).
Ecclesiastical use began for the presbyters of the chief (cardinal) churches of Rome. The North American songbird (Cardinalis virginianus) is attested from 1670s, so named for its resemblance to the cardinals in their red robes.
"chief, pivotal," early 14c., from Latin cardinalis "principal, chief, essential," from cardo (genitive cardinis) "that on which something turns or depends; pole of the sky," originally "door hinge," of unknown origin. Related: Cardinally.
The cardinal points (1540s) are north, south, east, west. The cardinal sins (c.1600) are too well known to require rehearsal. The cardinal virtues (c.1300) were divided into natural (justice prudence, temperance, fortitude) and theological (faith, hope, charity). The natural ones were the original classical ones, which were amended by Christians. But typically in Middle English only the first four were counted as the cardinal virtues:
Of þe uour uirtues cardinales spekeþ moche þe yealde philosofes. ["Ayenbite of Inwyt," c.1340]By analogy of this, and cardinal points, cardinal winds, cardinal signs (four zodiacal signs marking the equinoxes and the solstices), the adjective in Middle English acquired an association with the number four.