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chaperon

or chaperone

[shap-uh-rohn] /ˈʃæp əˌroʊn/
noun
1.
a person, usually a married or older woman, who, for propriety, accompanies a young unmarried woman in public or who attends a party of young unmarried men and women.
2.
any adult present in order to maintain order or propriety at an activity of young people, as at a school dance.
3.
a round headdress of stuffed cloth with wide cloth streamers that fall from the crown or are draped around it, worn in the 15th century.
verb (used with object)
4.
to attend or accompany as chaperon.
verb (used without object)
5.
to act as chaperon.
Origin of chaperon
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Anglo-French, Middle French: hood, cowl, equivalent to chape cape1 + -eron noun suffix; figurative sense < French (18th century)
Related forms
chaperonage
[shap-uh-roh-nij] /ˈʃæp əˌroʊ nɪdʒ/ (Show IPA),
noun
chaperonless, adjective
Synonyms
1, 4. escort.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for chaperon
Historical Examples
  • To her the thought of his engagement was as good or as bad as a chaperon.

  • Besides, there was something of the chaperon about that collar.

    Jan and Her Job L. Allen Harker
  • It's quite fairly respectable to dine without a chaperon—since the war.

    The Education of Eric Lane Stephen McKenna
  • “I could arrange a little dinner and ask some one to chaperon,” he suggested.

    The Wall Street Girl Frederick Orin Bartlett
  • You can take my place as Bettina's chaperon, and Delia will take care of the house.

    Glory of Youth Temple Bailey
  • Of course, Miss Gale, Inza's aunt, would go along as chaperon.

    Frank Merriwell's Cruise Burt L. Standish
  • A "chaperon" did duty at the Astor when Juno was in the city, which was not often.

    Peggy Stewart at School

    Gabrielle E. Jackson
  • Mrs. Medford was a relative of Inza's who often accompanied her as companion and chaperon.

    Frank Merriwell's Pursuit Burt L. Standish
  • Moya's chaperon, facing the inevitable, capitulated as graceful as she could.

    The Highgrader William MacLeod Raine
  • Some old tabby of a chaperon saw me there and came and told my grandmother.

    Quin Alice Hegan Rice
British Dictionary definitions for chaperon

chaperon

/ˈʃæpəˌrəʊn/
noun
1.
(esp formerly) an older or married woman who accompanies or supervises a young unmarried woman on social occasions
2.
someone who accompanies and supervises a group, esp of young people, usually when in public places
verb
3.
to act as a chaperon to
Derived Forms
chaperonage (ˈʃæpərənɪdʒ) noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French, from chape hood, protective covering; see cap
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chaperon
n.

1720, "woman accompanying a younger, unmarried lady in public," from French chaperon "protector," especially "female companion to a young woman," earlier "head covering, hood" (c.1400), from Old French chaperon "hood, cowl" (12c.), diminutive of chape "cape" (see cap (n.)). "... English writers often erroneously spell it chaperone, app. under the supposition that it requires a fem. termination" [OED]. The notion is of "covering" the socially vulnerable one.

"May I ask what is a chaperon?"
"A married lady; without whom no unmarried one can be seen in public. If the damsel be five and forty, she cannot appear without the matron; and if the matron be fifteen, it will do."
[Catharine Hutton, "The Welsh Mountaineer," London, 1817]
The word had been used in Middle English in the literal sense "hooded cloak."

v.

"act as a chaperon," 1792, also chaperone, from chaperon (n.), or from French chaperonner, from chaperon (n.). Related: Chaperoned; chaperoning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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