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chicory

or chiccory

[chik-uh-ree] /ˈtʃɪk ə ri/
noun, plural chicories.
1.
a composite plant, Cichorium intybus, having bright-blue flower heads and toothed oblong leaves, cultivated as a salad plant and for its root, which is used roasted and ground as a substitute for or additive to coffee.
Compare endive (def 2).
2.
the root of this plant.
Origin of chicory
1350-1400
1350-1400; < Middle French chicoree, alteration of earlier cicoree (by influence of Italian cicoria) < Latin cichorēa < Greek kichória, kíchora (neuter plurals); replacing Middle English cicoree < Middle French
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for chicory
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • The mistress made it very strong and without a grain of chicory.

    L'Assommoir Emile Zola
  • How may the presence of chicory in ground coffee be detected?

  • I have heard of chicory; isn't it used as a substitute for coffee?

  • Of those, chicory most nearly resembles coffee in flavor and taste.

    Commercial Geography

    Jacques W. Redway
  • A scent came from her, too—but faint, as ever was the scent of chicory flower.

    Fraternity John Galsworthy
  • In some countries they mix them with coffee just as chicory is used in Europe.

  • Then disappointed and vexed, Jack turned to chicory as if it was his fault.

    Off to the Wilds George Manville Fenn
  • It was chicory who shouted, and as he did so he struck back his young masters.

    Off to the Wilds George Manville Fenn
  • An English snipe, with chicory salad and some cheese, with coffee, completed his order.

    Flint Maud Wilder Goodwin
British Dictionary definitions for chicory

chicory

/ˈtʃɪkərɪ/
noun (pl) -ries
1.
Also called succory. a blue-flowered plant, Cichorium intybus, cultivated for its leaves, which are used in salads, and for its roots: family Asteraceae (composites)
2.
the root of this plant, roasted, dried, and used as a coffee substitute
Compare endive
Word Origin
C15: from Old French chicorée, from Latin cichorium, from Greek kikhōrion
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chicory
n.

late 14c., cicoree (modern form from mid-15c.), from Middle French cichorée "endive, chicory" (15c., Modern French chicorée), from Latin cichoreum, from Greek kikhorion (plural kikhoreia) "endive," of unknown origin. Klein suggests a connection with Old Egyptian keksher. The modern English form is from French influence.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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