The instrument here introduced is the cittern, played with or without a plectrum or quill.
The cittern has retained the following characteristics of the archetype.
From every barber shop came the twang of cittern or guitar, while song burst from the lips of every tankard bearer.
Dekker mentions a "barber's cittern for every serving-man to play upon."
The instrument, a cittern with four strings, is being played by a bear.
A cittern or lute was part of the appointments of a barbers shop of the period.
The popularity of the cittern was at its height in England and Germany during the 16th and 17th centuries.
The instrument, on which he doubtless accompanied his mournful love-songs, is a form of cittern.
The cittern of the middle ages was also to be found in oval shape.
The cittern consisted of a pear-shaped body similar to that of the lute but with a flat back and sound-board joined by ribs.