The civil year and the day must be regarded as commencing at the same instant.
Again, let us suppose the civil year to consist of 364 days.
Many authors confound the year of Rome with the civil year, supposing them both to begin on the 1st of January.
But this was very irregularly done, and the civil year had got to be far away from the solar year.
Year—If the civil year correspond with the solar the seasons of the year will always come at the same period.
The adjustment of the solar year to correspond with the lunar year and of the two with the civil year dates from this period.
By his advice the lunar year was abolished, the civil year regulated entirely by the sun, and the Julian calendar introduced.
This was found to be three hundred and sixty-five whole days, and accordingly, this period was adopted for the civil year.
The first verse commences with the first month of the ecclesiastical year, the second with the first month of the civil year.
The ecclesiastical year began with the month Abib, or Nisan, in the spring: the civil year with the month Ethanim in the fall.
Old English gear (West Saxon), ger (Anglian) "year," from Proto-Germanic *jæram "year" (cf. Old Saxon, Old High German jar, Old Norse ar, Danish aar, Old Frisian ger, Dutch jaar, German Jahr, Gothic jer "year"), from PIE *yer-o-, from root *yer-/*yor- "year, season" (cf. Avestan yare (nominative singular) "year;" Greek hora "year, season, any part of a year," also "any part of a day, hour;" Old Church Slavonic jaru, Bohemian jaro "spring;" Latin hornus "of this year;" Old Persian dušiyaram "famine," literally "bad year"). Probably originally "that which makes [a complete cycle]," and from verbal root *ei- meaning "to do, make."
One dollar; a dollar bill (1935+ Underworld)
Heb. shanah, meaning "repetition" or "revolution" (Gen. 1:14; 5:3). Among the ancient Egyptians the year consisted of twelve months of thirty days each, with five days added to make it a complete revolution of the earth round the sun. The Jews reckoned the year in two ways, (1) according to a sacred calendar, in which the year began about the time of the vernal equinox, with the month Abib; and (2) according to a civil calendar, in which the year began about the time of the autumnal equinox, with the month Nisan. The month Tisri is now the beginning of the Jewish year.