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column

[kol-uh m]
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noun
  1. Architecture.
    1. a rigid, relatively slender, upright support, composed of relatively few pieces.
    2. a decorative pillar, most often composed of stone and typically having a cylindrical or polygonal shaft with a capital and usually a base.
  2. any columnlike object, mass, or formation: a column of smoke.
  3. a vertical row or list: Add this column of figures.
  4. a vertical arrangement on a page of horizontal lines of type, usually typographically justified: There are three columns on this page.
  5. a regular feature or series of articles in a newspaper, magazine, or the like, usually having a readily identifiable heading and the byline of the writer or editor, that reports or comments upon a particular field of interest, as politics, theater, or etiquette, or which may contain letters from readers, answers to readers' queries, etc.
  6. a long, narrow formation of troops in which there are more members in line in the direction of movement than at right angles to the direction (distinguished from line1def 35).
  7. a formation of ships in single file.
  8. Botany. a columnlike structure in an orchid flower, composed of the united stamens and style.
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Origin of column

1400–50; late Middle English columne < Latin columna, equivalent to colum(e)n peak + -a feminine ending; akin to excel; replacing late Middle English colompne < Anglo-French < Latin, as above
Related formscol·umned [kol-uh md] /ˈkɒl əmd/, col·um·nat·ed [kol-uh m-ney-tid] /ˈkɒl əmˌneɪ tɪd/, adjective

Synonym study

1. Column, pillar refer to upright supports in architectural structures. Pillar is the general word: the pillars supporting the roof. A column is a particular kind of pillar, especially one with an identifiable shaft, base, and capital: columns of the Corinthian order.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for column

column

noun
  1. an upright post or pillar usually having a cylindrical shaft, a base, and a capital
    1. a form or structure in the shape of a columna column of air
    2. a monument
  2. a row, line, or file, as of people in a queue
  3. military a narrow formation in which individuals or units follow one behind the other
  4. journalism
    1. any of two or more vertical sections of type on a printed page, esp on a newspaper page
    2. a regular article or feature in a paperthe fashion column
  5. a vertical array of numbers or mathematical terms
  6. botany a long structure in a flower, such as that of an orchid, consisting of the united stamens and style
  7. anatomy zoology any elongated structure, such as a tract of grey matter in the spinal cord or the stalk of a crinoid
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Derived Formscolumnar (kəˈlʌmnə), adjectivecolumned or columnated (ˈkɒləmˌneɪtɪd), adjective

Word Origin

C15: from Latin columna, from columen top, peak; related to Latin collis hill
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for column

n.

mid-15c., "vertical division of a page," also "a pillar, post," from Old French colombe (12c., Modern French colonne "column, pillar"), from Latin columna "pillar," collateral form of columen "top, summit," from PIE root *kel- "to project" (see hill). Sense of "matter written for a newspaper" dates from 1785.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

column in Medicine

column

(kŏləm)
n.
  1. Any of various tubular or pillarlike supporting structures in the body, such as the spinal column, each generally having a single tissue origin and function.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.