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2017 Word of the Year

compartment

[kuh m-pahrt-muh nt] /kəmˈpɑrt mənt/
noun
1.
a part or space marked or partitioned off.
2.
a separate room, section, etc.:
a baggage compartment.
3.
U.S. Railroads. a private bedroom with toilet facilities.
4.
a separate aspect, function, or the like:
the compartments of the human mind.
5.
Architecture. a distinct major division of a design.
6.
Heraldry. a decorative base, as a grassy mound, on which the supporters of an escutcheon stand or rest.
verb (used with object)
7.
to divide into compartments.
Origin of compartment
1555-1565
1555-65; < Middle French compartiment < Italian compartimento. See compart, -ment
Synonyms
1. division, section.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for compartment
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • A jolly tanner observes: "I'll get a compartment to oursels."

  • My sharing his compartment had evidently produced an unpleasant impression.

    The Underdog F. Hopkinson Smith
  • The brother had the compartment next to that woman, with the big dog.

    The Underdog F. Hopkinson Smith
  • The Ring Master now passed, raised his hat and entered his compartment.

    The Underdog F. Hopkinson Smith
  • Then Ossipon came back, saying: “I told him not to let anybody get into our compartment.”

    The Secret Agent Joseph Conrad
British Dictionary definitions for compartment

compartment

/kəmˈpɑːtmənt/
noun
1.
one of the sections into which an area, esp an enclosed space, is divided or partitioned
2.
any separate part or section: a compartment of the mind
3.
a small storage space; locker
Derived Forms
compartmental (ˌkɒmpɑːtˈmɛntəl) adjective
compartmentally, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from French compartiment, ultimately from Late Latin compartīrī to share, from Latin com- with + partīrī to apportion, from parspart
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for compartment
n.

1560s, from Middle French compartiment "part partitioned off" (16c.), through Italian compartimento, from Late Latin compartiri "to divide," from com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + partis, genitive of pars "part" (see part (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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