- Also called operant conditioning, instrumental conditioning. a process of changing behavior by rewarding or punishing a subject each time an action is performed until the subject associates the action with pleasure or distress.
- Also called classical conditioning, Pavlovian conditioning, respondent conditioning. a process in which a stimulus that was previously neutral, as the sound of a bell, comes to evoke a particular response, as salivation, by being repeatedly paired with another stimulus that normally evokes the response, as the taste of food.
Origin of conditioning
- a particular mode of being of a person or thing; existing state; situation with respect to circumstances.
- state of health: He was reported to be in critical condition.
- fit or requisite state: to be out of condition; to be in no condition to run.
- social position: in a lowly condition.
- a restricting, limiting, or modifying circumstance: It can happen only under certain conditions.
- a circumstance indispensable to some result; prerequisite; that on which something else is contingent: conditions of acceptance.
- Usually conditions. existing circumstances: poor living conditions.
- something demanded as an essential part of an agreement; provision; stipulation: He accepted on one condition.
- a stipulation in an agreement or instrument transferring property that provides for a change consequent on the occurrence or nonoccurrence of a stated event.
- the event upon which this stipulation depends.
- Informal. an abnormal or diseased state of part of the body: heart condition; skin condition.
- U.S. Education.
- a requirement imposed on a college student who fails to reach the prescribed standard in a course at the end of the regular period of instruction, permitting credit to be established by later performance.
- the course or subject to which the requirement is attached.
- Grammar. protasis.
- Logic. the antecedent of a conditional proposition.
- to put in a fit or proper state.
- to accustom or inure: to condition oneself to the cold.
- to air-condition.
- to form or be a condition of; determine, limit, or restrict as a condition.
- to subject to particular conditions or circumstances: Her studies conditioned her for her job.
- U.S. Education. to impose a condition on (a student).
- to test (a commodity) to ascertain its condition.
- to make (something) a condition; stipulate.
- Psychology. to establish a conditioned response in (a subject).
- to test (fibers or fabrics) for the presence of moisture or other foreign matter.
- to replace moisture lost from (fibers or fabrics) in manipulation or manufacture.
- to make conditions.
- on/upon condition that, with the promise or provision that; provided that; if: She accepted the position on condition that there would be opportunity for advancement.
Origin of condition
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
Examples from the Web for conditioning
I had to throw out all of my American conditioning toward the workplace.The Airbnb of Home-Cooked Meals
November 3, 2014
Conditioning the Fed to react less to periodic market tantrums will take a strong will.Janet Yellen Succeeds in the Senate Without Really Trying
November 14, 2013
After eight seasons of conditioning, the precision-timed “shocks” have lost a great deal of potency.‘Dexter’ Season 8: The Serial-Killer Drama Still Has a Few Twists Left
June 27, 2013
Rational beings assume Netanyahu will win: all the pollsters have been conditioning this response for months.What Went Wrong For Netanyahu
January 21, 2013
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2010, 24 (9), 2274-2279.15 Shocking Exercise Facts
August 20, 2011
It has to do with conditioning the human being for the exigencies of life in peace or in war.College Teaching
The trouble was in his conditioning, started when he was an adolescent.The Odyssey of Sam Meecham
Charles E. Fritch
There is an immense mental bang and the conditioning goes poof.
One, that with your return the conditioning should be broken.
This conditioning process will be augmented by the use of the sleep period.A Practical Guide to Self-Hypnosis
- (of a shampoo, cosmetic, etc) intended to improve the condition of somethinga conditioning rinse
- a particular state of being or existence; situation with respect to circumstancesthe human condition
- something that limits or restricts something else; a qualificationyou may enter only under certain conditions
- (plural) external or existing circumstancesconditions were right for a takeover
- state of health or physical fitness, esp good health (esp in the phrases in condition, out of condition)
- an ailment or physical disabilitya heart condition
- something indispensable to the existence of something elseyour happiness is a condition of mine
- something required as part of an agreement or pact; termsthe conditions of the lease are set out
- a declaration or provision in a will, contract, etc, that makes some right or liability contingent upon the happening of some event
- the event itself
- logic a statement whose truth is either required for the truth of a given statement (a necessary condition) or sufficient to guarantee the truth of the given statement (a sufficient condition)See sufficient (def. 2), necessary (def. 3e)
- maths logic a presupposition, esp a restriction on the domain of quantification, indispensable to the proof of a theorem and stated as part of it
- statistics short for experimental condition
- rank, status, or position in life
- on condition that or upon condition that (conjunction) provided that
- to alter the response of (a person or animal) to a particular stimulus or situation
- to establish a conditioned response in (a person or animal)
- to put into a fit condition or state
- to improve the condition of (one's hair) by use of special cosmetics
- to accustom or inure
- to subject to a condition
- (intr) archaic to make conditions
Word Origin and History for conditioning
early 14c., condicioun, from Old French condicion "stipulation, state, behavior, social status" (12c., Modern French condition), from Latin condicionem (nominative condicio) "agreement, situation," from condicere "to speak with, talk together," from com- "together" (see com-) + dicere "to speak" (see diction). Evolution of meaning through "stipulation, condition," to "situation, mode of being."
late 15c., "to make conditions," from condition (n.). Meaning "to bring to a desired condition" is from 1844. Related: Conditioned; conditioning.
- A process of behavior modification by which a subject comes to associate a desired behavior with a previously unrelated stimulus.
- A disease or physical ailment.
- A state of health or physical fitness.
- To cause an organism to respond in a specific manner to a conditioned stimulus in the absence of an unconditioned stimulus.