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congratulate

[kuh n-grach-uh-leyt or, often, -graj-, kuh ng-]
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verb (used with object), con·grat·u·lat·ed, con·grat·u·lat·ing.
  1. to express pleasure to (a person), as on a happy occasion: They congratulated him on his marriage.
  2. Archaic. to express sympathetic joy or satisfaction at (an event).
  3. Obsolete. to salute.
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Origin of congratulate

1540–50; < Latin congrātulātus, past participle of congrātulārī. See congratulant, -ate1
Related formscon·grat·u·la·tor, nounpre·con·grat·u·late, verb (used with object), pre·con·grat·u·lat·ed, pre·con·grat·u·lat·ing.un·con·grat·u·lat·ed, adjectiveun·con·grat·u·lat·ing, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for congratulate

congratulate

verb (tr)
  1. (usually foll by on) to communicate pleasure, approval, or praise to (a person or persons); compliment
  2. (often foll by on) to consider (oneself) clever or fortunate (as a result of)she congratulated herself on her tact
  3. obsolete to greet
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Derived Formscongratulation, nouncongratulator, nouncongratulatory or congratulative, adjective

Word Origin

C16: from Latin congrātulārī, from grātulārī to rejoice, from grātus pleasing
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for congratulate

v.

1540s, from Latin congratulatus, past participle of congratulari "to congratulate" (see congratulation). Related: Congratulated; congratulating.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper