- Often cramps.
- a sudden, involuntary, spasmodic contraction of a muscle or group of muscles, especially of the extremities, sometimes with severe pain.
- a piercing pain in the abdomen.
- an intermittent, painful contraction of structures of a wall containing involuntary muscle, as in biliary colic or in the uterine contractions of menstruation or of labor.
- writer's cramp.
- to affect with or as if with a cramp.
Origin of cramp1
- cramp iron.
- a portable frame or tool with a movable part that can be screwed up to hold things together; clamp.
- anything that confines or restrains.
- a cramped state or part.
- to fasten or hold with a cramp.
- to confine narrowly; restrict; restrain; hamper.
- to turn (the front wheels of a motor vehicle) by means of the steering gear; steer.
- cramp one's style, Informal. to prevent one from showing one's best abilities.
Origin of cramp2
Examples from the Web for cramp
If Prince Harry is back on again with Chelsy Davy, he's not letting it cramp his style.Prince Harry's Night Out
March 26, 2012
She felt a cramp around her root That crippled every outmost shoot.
I didn't care for music, piano playing gave me a cramp in my arms.His Masterpiece
If the cramp attack the stomach or bowels, it is attended with considerable danger: medicine may relieve but cannot cure.
They always do, unless they are seized with the cramp and it holds them.Victor's Triumph
Mrs. E. D. E. N. Southworth
No human tongue can describe what I suffered with the cramp.Treatise on the Diseases of Women
Lydia E. Pinkham
- a painful involuntary contraction of a muscle, typically caused by overexertion, heat, or chill
- temporary partial paralysis of a muscle groupwriter's cramp
- (usually plural in the US and Canada) severe abdominal pain
- (tr) to affect with or as if with a cramp
- Also called: cramp iron a strip of metal with its ends bent at right angles, used to bind masonry
- a device for holding pieces of wood while they are glued; clamp
- something that confines or restricts
- a confined state or position
- to secure or hold with a cramp
- to confine, hamper, or restrict
- cramp someone's style informal to prevent a person from using his abilities or acting freely and confidently
Word Origin and History for cramp
"muscle contraction," late 14c., from Old French crampe, from a Frankish or other Germanic word (cf. Old High German krapmhe "cramp, spasm," related to kramph "bent, crooked"), from a Proto-Germanic root forming many words for "bent, crooked," including, via French, crampon. Writer's cramp is first attested 1842 as the name of a physical affliction of the hand, in reference to translations of German medical papers (Stromeyer); also known as scrivener's palsy.
"metal bar bent at both ends," early 15c., from Middle Dutch crampe or Middle Low German krampe, both from the same Proto-Germanic root that yielded cramp (n.1). Metaphoric sense of "something that confines or hinders" first recorded 1719.
"to contract" (of muscles), early 15c., from cramp (n.1). Related: Cramped; cramping.
c.1400, "to bend or twist," from cramp (n.2). Later "compress forcibly" (1550s), and, figuratively, "to restrict" (1620s). Related: Cramped; cramping.
- A sudden, involuntary, spasmodic muscular contraction causing severe pain, often occurring in the leg or shoulder as the result of strain or chill.
- A temporary partial paralysis of habitually or excessively used muscles.
- cramps Spasmodic contractions of the uterus, such as those occurring during menstruation or labor, usually causing pain in the abdomen that may radiate to the lower back and thighs.
- To affect with or experience a cramp or cramps.