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[kri-den-zuh] /krɪˈdɛn zə/
Also, credence. a sideboard or buffet, especially one without legs.
a closed cabinet for papers, office supplies, etc., often of desk height and matching the other furniture in an executive's office.
Ecclesiastical. credence (def 3).
Origin of credenza
1875-80; < Italian < Medieval Latin crēdentia (in ecclesiastical usage) a sideboard for holding sacramental vessels; see credence Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for credenza


another name for credence table
Word Origin
Italian: see credence
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for credenza

1883, "an Italian sideboard," from Italian credenza, literally "belief, credit," from Medieval Latin credentia (see credence).

The same evolution that produced this sense in Italian also worked on the English word credence, which in Middle English also meant "act or process of testing the nature or character of food before serving it as a precaution against poison," a former practice in some royal or noble households. Because of that, in medieval times it also meant "a side-table or side-board on which the food was placed to be tasted before serving;" hence, in later use, "a cupboard or cabinet for the display of plate, etc." These senses fell away in English, and the modern furniture piece, which begins to be mentioned in domestic interiors from c.1920, took its name from Italian, perhaps as a more elegant word than homely sideboard.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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