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cymatium

[si-mey-shee-uh m, sahy-]
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noun, plural cy·ma·ti·a [si-mey-shee-uh, sahy-] /sɪˈmeɪ ʃi ə, saɪ-/. Architecture.
  1. the uppermost member of a classical cornice or of a cornice of similar form: usually a cyma recta in classical examples.Compare sima2
  2. echinus(def 2c).

Origin of cymatium

1555–65; < Latin < Greek kȳmátion, equivalent to kȳmat- (stem of kŷma wave; see cyma) + -ion diminutive suffix
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for cymatium

Historical Examples

  • The cymatium here is one sixth of the whole height of this part.

    Ten Books on Architecture

    Vitruvius

  • The style of carving of the cymatium with its astragal should be the Lesbian.

  • Let the rest, excluding the cymatium, be divided into twelve parts.

  • Its cymatium is one seventh of the whole height of the frieze, and the projection of the cymatium is the same as its height.

  • The cymatium of the architrave should be one seventh of the height of the whole architrave, and its projection the same.


British Dictionary definitions for cymatium

cymatium

noun plural -tia (-tɪə, -ʃɪə)
  1. architect the top moulding of a classical cornice or entablature

Word Origin

C16: see cyma
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012