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cyst

[sist]
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noun
  1. Pathology. a closed, bladderlike sac formed in animal tissues, containing fluid or semifluid matter.
  2. a bladder, sac, or vesicle.
  3. Botany, Mycology.
    1. a sporelike cell with a resistant, protective wall.
    2. a cell or cavity enclosing reproductive bodies.
  4. Zoology.
    1. a sac, usually spherical, surrounding an animal that has passed into a dormant condition.
    2. such a sac plus the contained animal.
    3. a capsule or resistant covering.

Origin of cyst

1705–15; < New Latin cystis < Greek kýstis bag, pouch, the bladder; akin to kŷma cyma

cyst-

  1. variant of cysto-, before a vowel: cystectomy.

-cyst

  1. variant of cysto-, as final element in a compound word: statocyst.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for cyst

cyst

noun
  1. pathol any abnormal membranous sac or blisterlike pouch containing fluid or semisolid material
  2. anatomy any normal sac or vesicle in the body
  3. a thick-walled protective membrane enclosing a cell, larva, or organism

Word Origin

C18: from New Latin cystis, from Greek kustis pouch, bag, bladder

-cyst

n combining form
  1. indicating a bladder or sacotocyst

Word Origin

from Greek kustis bladder
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for cyst

n.

1713, from Modern Latin cystis (in English as a Latin word from 1540s), from Greek kystis "bladder, pouch."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

cyst in Medicine

cyst

([object Object])
n.
  1. An abnormal membranous sac containing a gaseous, liquid, or semisolid substance.
  2. A sac or vesicle in the body.
  3. A small capsulelike sac that encloses certain organisms in their dormant or larval stage.

cyst-

pref.
  1. Variant ofcysto-

cyst in Science

cyst

[sĭst]
  1. An abnormal membranous sac in the body, containing a gaseous, liquid, or semisolid substance.
  2. A small, capsulelike form of certain organisms that develops in response to adverse or extreme conditions. Under adverse conditions, for instance, dinoflagellates form nonmotile resting cysts that fall to the ocean or lake bottom and can remain there for years before reviving. Certain invertebrates, such as the water bear (phylum Tardigrada), also develop cysts.

cyst in Culture

cyst

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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