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derive

[dih-rahyv]
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verb (used with object), de·rived, de·riv·ing.
  1. to receive or obtain from a source or origin (usually followed by from).
  2. to trace from a source or origin: English words derived from German.
  3. to reach or obtain by reasoning; deduce; infer.
  4. Chemistry. to produce or obtain (a substance) from another.
  5. Grammar. to create (a new linguistic form) by adding affixes to or changing the shape of a root or base: The word “runner” is derived from “run.”
verb (used without object), de·rived, de·riv·ing.
  1. to come from a source or origin; originate (often followed by from).

Origin of derive

1350–1400; Middle English diriven, deriven to flow, draw from, spring < Anglo-French, Old French deriver < Latin dērīvāre to lead off, equivalent to dē- de- + rīv(us) a stream + -āre infinitive suffix
Related formsde·riv·a·ble, adjectivede·riv·er, nounnon·de·riv·a·ble, adjectivepre·de·rive, verb (used with object), pre·de·rived, pre·de·riv·ing.self-de·rived, adjectiveun·de·riv·a·ble, adjectivewell-de·rived, adjective

Synonyms

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1. gain, attain, glean, gather, reap, net.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for derive

derive

verb
  1. (usually foll by from) to draw or be drawn (from) in source or origin; trace or be traced
  2. (tr) to obtain by reasoning; deduce; infer
  3. (tr) to trace the source or development of
  4. (usually foll by from) to produce or be produced (from) by a chemical reaction
  5. maths to obtain (a function) by differentiation
Derived Formsderivable, adjectivederiver, noun

Word Origin

C14: from Old French deriver to spring from, from Latin dērīvāre to draw off, from de- + rīvus a stream
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for derive

v.

late 14c., from Old French deriver "to flow, pour out; derive, originate," from Latin derivare "to lead or draw off (a stream of water) from its source" (in Late Latin also "to derive"), from phrase de rivo (de "from" + rivus "stream;" see rivulet). Etymological sense is 1550s. Related: Derived; deriving.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

derive in Medicine

derive

(dĭ-rīv)
v.
  1. To obtain or receive from a source.
  2. To produce or obtain a chemical compound from another substance by chemical reaction.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.