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Doric

[dawr-ik, dor-]
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adjective
  1. of or relating to Doris, its inhabitants, or their dialect.
  2. rustic, as a dialect.
  3. Architecture. noting or pertaining to one of the five classical orders, developed in Greece and altered by the Romans. The Greek Doric order consists typically of a channeled column without a base, having as a capital a circular echinus supporting a square abacus, above which come a plain architrave, a frieze of triglyphs and metopes, and a cornice, the corona of which has mutules on its soffit. In the Roman Doric order, the columns usually have bases, the channeling is sometimes altered or omitted, and the capital usually consists of three parts: a thick, bandlike necking, an echinus with an ovolo outline, and a molded abacus.Compare composite(def 2), Corinthian(def 2), Ionic(def 1), Tuscan(def 2).
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noun
  1. a dialect of ancient Greek spoken on Rhodes and other islands of the Dodecanese, in Crete, in Syracuse, and in all of the Peloponnesus except Arcadia.
  2. rustic English speech.
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Origin of Doric

1555–65; < Latin Dōricus < Greek Dōrikós Dorian
Related formspre-Dor·ic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for doric

Historical Examples

  • Triglyph, the channelled feature in the frieze of the Doric order.

    Architecture

    Thomas Roger Smith

  • The shaft (Figs. 67, 70) is of more slender proportions than the Doric shaft.

    Architecture

    Thomas Roger Smith

  • The entablature (Fig. 70) is, generally speaking, richer than that of the Doric order.

    Architecture

    Thomas Roger Smith

  • Perhaps the only fault of the detail is that the Doric pilasters and columns are too tall.

    Portuguese Architecture

    Walter Crum Watson

  • In this form, the Doric column was an absolutely fresh note in architecture.


British Dictionary definitions for doric

Doric

adjective
  1. of or relating to the Dorians, esp the Spartans, or their dialect of Ancient Greek
  2. of, denoting, or relating to one of the five classical orders of architecture: characterized by a column having no base, a heavy fluted shaft, and a capital consisting of an ovolo moulding beneath a square abacusSee also Ionic, composite (def. 4), Corinthian, Tuscan
  3. (sometimes not capital) rustic
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noun
  1. one of four chief dialects of Ancient Greek, spoken chiefly in the PeloponneseCompare Aeolic, Arcadic, Ionic See also Attic (def. 3)
  2. any rural dialect, esp that spoken in the northeast of Scotland
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for doric

Doric

adj.

1560s, see Dorian; in reference to the architectural order, 1610s. The Doric dialect in ancient Greek theater was broad and rustic, hence it has been applied in English to northern and Scots dialects (1837).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

doric in Culture

Doric

One of the three main styles of Greek architecture (the others are Corinthian and Ionic). The Doric column is heavy and fluted; its capital is plain.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.