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[droop] /drup/
noun, Botany.
any fruit, as a peach, cherry, plum, etc., consisting of an outer skin, a usually pulpy and succulent middle layer, and a hard and woody inner shell usually enclosing a single seed.
Origin of drupe
1745-55; < Latin drūpa, druppa overripe olive < Greek drýppa olive Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for drupe
Historical Examples
  • This tribe is distinguished by the fruit, which is what botanists call a drupe, that is, a stone fruit.

    Botany for Ladies Jane Loudon
  • The flowers are small and insignificant; and the fruit is a drupe.

    Botany for Ladies Jane Loudon
  • The fruit is a drupe, that is, it consists of a fleshy husk enclosing a nut.

    Botany for Ladies Jane Loudon
  • The Almond fruit is a drupe, like the peach, but the flesh is thin and hard and the pit is the Almond of commerce.

  • The drupe, or Stone-fruit; of which the cherry, plum, and peach (Fig. 375) are familiar examples.

  • The drupe or stone-fruit, which consists of a hard stone surrounded by a fleshy covering, as the plum and the cherry.

    Field and Woodland Plants William S. Furneaux
  • The drupe is in this species round, with red skin and juicy flesh of a distinctly acid character.

  • We will then take them first into our consideration, and begin by giving an account of what is the structure of a drupe.

  • drupe globose, 1–2″ in diameter, covered by a fleshy envelope, formed by the receptacle.

  • It was while the manager was deciding which of three other young women to take that Mr. drupe was stricken with apoplexy.

    Duffels Edward Eggleston
British Dictionary definitions for drupe


an indehiscent fruit consisting of outer epicarp, fleshy or fibrous mesocarp, and stony endocarp enclosing a single seed, as in the peach, plum, and cherry
Derived Forms
drupaceous (druːˈpeɪʃəs) adjective
Word Origin
C18: from Latin druppa wrinkled overripe olive, from Greek: olive
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for drupe

1753, from Modern Latin drupa "stone-fruit," from Latin drupa (oliva) "wrinkled olive," from Greek dryppa, short for drypepes "tree-ripened," from drys "tree" + pepon "ripe" (see pumpkin).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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drupe in Science
A simple fruit derived from a single carpel. A drupe usually contains a single seed enclosed by a hardened endocarp, which often adheres closely to the seed within. In peaches, plums, cherries, and olives, a fleshy edible mesocarp surrounds the endocarp (the pit or stone). In the coconut, a fibrous mesocarp (the husk) surrounds the endocarp (the shell), while the white edible portion is the endosperm. Compare berry, pome. See more at simple fruit.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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