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[doo-muh] /ˈdu mə/
(in Russia prior to 1917) a council or official assembly.
(initial capital letter) an elective legislative assembly, established in 1905 by Nicholas II, constituting the lower house of parliament.
Also, douma.
Origin of duma
1865-70; < Russian, Old Russian dúma assembly, council (an early homonym with dúma thought); cognate with Bulgarian dúma word, Slovak duma meditation; Slavic *dum- probably < Gothic dōms judgment (see doom) Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for duma
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Even from the tribune of the duma it was declared that the Black Cabinet was a fiction.

    The Minister of Evil William Le Queux
  • Yet he is dangerous, and if he denounces us in the duma it will come as a bombshell.

    The Minister of Evil William Le Queux
  • "The duma must be prevented from opening," Rasputin declared at last.

    The Minister of Evil William Le Queux
  • If he reveals to the duma what he knows, then everything must be lost.

    The Minister of Evil William Le Queux
  • If thou wilt not postpone the duma, then the peril will be upon thine own head!

    The Minister of Evil William Le Queux
British Dictionary definitions for duma


noun (Russian history)
(usually capital) the elective legislative assembly established by Tsar Nicholas II in 1905: overthrown by the Bolsheviks in 1917
(before 1917) any official assembly or council
short for State Duma, the lower chamber of the Russian parliament
Word Origin
C20: from duma thought, of Germanic origin; related to Gothic dōms judgment
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for duma

Russian national assembly, 1870 (in reference to city councils; the national one was set up in 1905), literally "thought," from a Germanic source (cf. Gothic doms "judgment," English doom, deem).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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