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durst

[durst] /dɜrst/
verb
1.
Archaic. simple past tense of dare.

dare

[dair] /dɛər/
verb (used without object), dared or (Archaic) durst; dared; daring; present singular 3rd person dares or dare.
1.
to have the necessary courage or boldness for something; be bold enough:
You wouldn't dare!
verb (used with object), dared or (Archaic) durst; dared; daring; present singular 3rd person dares or dare.
2.
to have the boldness to try; venture; hazard.
3.
to meet defiantly; face courageously.
4.
to challenge or provoke (a person) into a demonstration of courage; defy:
to dare a man to fight.
auxiliary verb
5.
to have the necessary courage or boldness to (used chiefly in questions and negatives):
How dare you speak to me like that? He dare not mention the subject again.
noun
6.
an act of daring or defiance; challenge.
Idioms
7.
dare say, daresay.
Origin of dare
900
before 900; Middle English dar (v.), Old English dear(r), 1st and 3rd person singular present indicative of durran; akin to Old High German gitarran
Related forms
darer, noun
redare, verb (used with object), redared, redaring.
undared, adjective
Synonyms
2. hazard, risk, brave.
Synonym Study
1. Dare, venture imply involvement in risks and dangers. Dare emphasizes the state of mind that makes one willing to meet danger: He dared to do what he knew was right. Venture emphasizes the act of doing something that involves risk: He ventured into deep water.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for durst
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • She's awful clever, and none but a clever one durst say a word to her.

    Little Dorrit Charles Dickens
  • If he were one of those who had suffered by the rioters, he durst not give him entertainment.

    Barnaby Rudge Charles Dickens
  • The Turf Club would not have him; he durst not show at Tattersall's.

    Davenport Dunn, Volume 1 (of 2) Charles James Lever
  • When she brought him one, he durst not look at it before his hosts.

    At Pinney's Ranch Edward Bellamy
  • Reach out we could not; stir we durst not; all we could do was to wait and listen.

    Kilgorman Talbot Baines Reed
  • Father could not keep friends with both sides, and yet he durst not break with either.

    Kilgorman Talbot Baines Reed
  • None of us durst speak to him, or say so much as a word in his hearing.

    Sir Ludar Talbot Baines Reed
  • I durst not follow them; for it might be a feint to decoy me from my post.

    Sir Ludar Talbot Baines Reed
  • I durst not waste time by arguing; she took the knife from me and motioned me to my task.

    Sir Ludar Talbot Baines Reed
British Dictionary definitions for durst

durst

/dɜːst/
verb
1.
a past tense of dare

dare

/dɛə/
verb
1.
(transitive) to challenge (a person to do something) as proof of courage
2.
(can take an infinitive with or without to) to be courageous enough to try (to do something): she dares to dress differently from the others, you wouldn't dare!
3.
(transitive) (rare) to oppose without fear; defy
4.
I dare say, I daresay
  1. (it is) quite possible (that)
  2. probably: used as sentence substitute
noun
5.
a challenge to do something as proof of courage
6.
something done in response to such a challenge
Derived Forms
darer, noun
Usage note
When used negatively or interrogatively, dare does not usually add -s: he dare not come; dare she come? When used negatively in the past tense, however, dare usually adds -d: he dared not come
Word Origin
Old English durran; related to Old High German turran to venture
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for durst
v.

see dare (v.).

dare

n.

1590s, from dare (v.).

dare

v.

from first and third person singular of Old English durran "to brave danger, dare; venture, presume," from Proto-Germanic *ders- (cf. Old Norse dearr, Old High German giturran, Gothic gadaursan), from PIE *dhers- "to dare, be courageous" (cf. Sanskrit dadharsha "to be bold;" Old Persian darš- "to dare;" Greek thrasys "bold;" Old Church Slavonic druzate "to be bold, dare;" Lithuanian dristi "to dare," drasus "courageous").

An Old English irregular preterite-present verb: darr, dearst, dear were first, second and third person singular present indicative; mostly regularized 16c., though past tense dorste survived as durst, but is now dying, persisting mainly in northern English dialect. Meaning "to challenge or defy (someone)" is first recorded 1570s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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