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dwell

[dwel] /dwɛl/
verb (used without object), dwelt or dwelled, dwelling.
1.
to live or stay as a permanent resident; reside.
2.
to live or continue in a given condition or state:
to dwell in happiness.
3.
to linger over, emphasize, or ponder in thought, speech, or writing (often followed by on or upon):
to dwell on a particular point in an argument.
4.
(of a moving tool or machine part) to be motionless for a certain interval during operation.
noun
5.
Machinery.
  1. a flat or cylindrical area on a cam for maintaining a follower in a certain position during part of a cycle.
  2. a period in a cycle in the operation of a machine or engine during which a given part remains motionless.
Origin of dwell
900
before 900; Middle English dwellen to lead astray, stun, abide, Old English dwellan to lead or go astray, hinder; cognate with Old Norse dvelja
Related forms
dweller, noun
outdwell, verb (used with object), outdwelt or outdwelled, outdwelling.
predwell, verb (used without object)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for dwell

dwell

/dwɛl/
verb (intransitive) dwells, dwelling, dwelt (dwɛlt), dwelled
1.
(formal, literary) to live as a permanent resident
2.
to live (in a specified state): to dwell in poverty
noun
3.
a regular pause in the operation of a machine
4.
a flat or constant-radius portion on a linear or rotary cam enabling the cam follower to remain static for a brief time
Derived Forms
dweller, noun
Word Origin
Old English dwellan to seduce, get lost; related to Old Saxon bidwellian to prevent, Old Norse dvelja, Old High German twellen to prevent
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for dwell
v.

Old English dwellan "to mislead, deceive," originally "to make a fool of, lead astray," from Proto-Germanic *dwaljanan (cf. Old Norse dvöl "delay," dvali "sleep;" Middle Dutch dwellen "to stun, make giddy, perplex;" Old High German twellen "to hinder, delay;" Danish dvale "trance, stupor," dvaelbær "narcotic berry," source of Middle English dwale "nightshade"), from PIE *dhwel-, from root *dheu- (1) "dust, cloud, vapor, smoke" (and related notions of "defective perception or wits").

Related to Old English gedweola "error, heresy, madness." Sense shifted in Middle English through "hinder, delay," to "linger" (c.1200, as still in phrase to dwell upon), to "make a home" (mid-13c.). Related: Dwelled; dwelt; dwells.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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