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[ih-loo-vee-uh m] /ɪˈlu vi əm/
noun, plural eluvia
[ih-loo-vee-uh] /ɪˈlu vi ə/ (Show IPA).
a deposit of soil, dust, etc., formed from the decomposition of rock and found in its place of origin.
Origin of eluvium
1880-85; formed on the model of alluvium from Latin ēluere (of water) to wash out (soil, etc.); see elute Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for eluvium


noun (pl) -via (-vɪə)
a mass of sand, silt, etc: a product of the erosion of rocks that has remained in its place of origin
Derived Forms
eluvial, adjective
Word Origin
C19: New Latin, from Latin ēluere to wash out
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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eluvium in Science
  1. Residual deposits of soil, dust, and sand produced by the action of the wind.

  2. Residual deposits of soil, dust, and rock particles produced by the in-situ decomposition and disintegration of rock.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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