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enervate

[verb en-er-veyt; adjective ih-nur-vit] /verb ˈɛn ərˌveɪt; adjective ɪˈnɜr vɪt/
verb (used with object), enervated, enervating.
1.
to deprive of force or strength; destroy the vigor of; weaken.
adjective
2.
Origin of enervate
1595-1605
1595-1605; < Latin ēnervātus weakened (past participle of ēnervāre) equivalent to ē- e-1 + nerv(us) sinew (see nerve) + -ātus -ate1; compare Anglo-French enervir, French énerver
Related forms
enervation, noun
enervative, adjective
enervator, noun
nonenervating, adjective
Can be confused
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for enervate
Historical Examples
  • Why, indeed, plunge into dissipations which enervate the body and dull the brain?

    Devil Stories Various
  • He had learned the art from them, and London had scarce had time as yet to enervate him.

    The Late Tenant

    Louis Tracy
  • She was careful not to enervate him by luxury or weak indulgence.

    De La Salle Fifth Reader Brothers of the Christian Schools
  • Shun all that may enervate or diminish your youthful energies.

  • Then as they are almost all fighting men (tata toa) they are restricted that they may not weaken or enervate themselves.

  • It is thought to enervate and corrupt by means of a luxurious excitement, purely fictitious and temporary.

  • Do not some of them tend to enervate the authority evidently designed thus to regulate and controul?

  • Yet it seems to me that self-abuse in excess must be injurious to health, for it must weaken and enervate.

    The Memoires of Casanova, Complete Jacques Casanova de Seingalt
  • A low hot wind began to rise, and fan his cheek with pestiferous kisses, and enervate his frame with its poisonous embrace.

    Alroy Benjamin Disraeli
  • The ease and plenty which they enjoy, enervate their manners, and destroy all vigour both of body and mind.

British Dictionary definitions for enervate

enervate

verb (ˈɛnəˌveɪt)
1.
(transitive) to deprive of strength or vitality; weaken physically or mentally; debilitate
adjective (ɪˈnɜːvɪt)
2.
deprived of strength or vitality; weakened
Derived Forms
enervation, noun
enervative, adjective
enervator, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin ēnervāre to remove the nerves from, from nervus nerve, sinew
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for enervate
v.

c.1600, from Latin enervatus, past participle of enervare "to weaken" (see enervation). Related: Ennervated; ennervating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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enervate in Medicine

enervate en·er·vate (ěn'ər-vāt')
v. en·er·vat·ed, en·er·vat·ing, en·er·vates

  1. To remove a nerve or nerve part.

  2. To cause weakness or a reduction of strength.


en'er·va'tion n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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11
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