The shepherds can sleep quietly after Enkidu has become the “guardian” of the flocks.
Enkidu, who hitherto had gone about naked, is clothed by the woman.
The elders apparently desire Enkidu to accompany Gilgamesh in this perilous adventure, and with this in view appeal to the woman.
The tablet closes with the endeavor of Enkidu to pacify Gilgamesh.
Gilgamesh is, however, undaunted and urges Enkidu to accompany him in the adventure.
Be it noted also that Enkidu, not Gilgamesh, is punished for the insult to Ishtar.
Gilgamesh is overcome by Enkidu and is enraged at being thrown to the ground.
The main feature of the incident is the conversion of Enkidu to civilized life.
This is shown in the first place by the fact that in the encounter it is Enkidu who triumphs over Gilgamesh.
In reply Gilgamesh emphasizes his reliance upon the good will of Shamash and reproaches Enkidu with cowardice.