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[en-tuh-roh-bak-teer-ee-uh] /ˌɛn tə roʊ bækˈtɪər i ə/
plural noun, singular enterobacterium
[en-tuh-roh-bak-teer-ee-uh m] /ˌɛn tə roʊ bækˈtɪər i əm/ (Show IPA)
rod-shaped Gram-negative bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae, as those of the genera Escherichia, Salmonella, and Shigella, occurring normally or pathogenically in the intestines of humans and other animals, and the genus Erwinia, occurring in plants.
Also called enterics.
Origin of enterobacteria
First recorded in 1950-55; entero- + bacteria
Related forms
enterobacterial, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for enterobacterium


noun (pl) -ria (-rɪə)
any of a class of Gram-negative rodlike bacteria that occur in the gastrointestinal tract
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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enterobacterium in Medicine

enterobacterium en·ter·o·bac·ter·i·um (ěn'tə-rō-bāk-tēr'ē-əm)
n. pl. en·ter·o·bac·ter·i·a (-ē-ə)
Any of various gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae that includes some pathogens of animals, such as the colon bacillus and salmonella.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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