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[ef-awr, ef-er] /ˈɛf ɔr, ˈɛf ər/
noun, plural ephors, ephori
[ef-uh-rahy] /ˈɛf əˌraɪ/ (Show IPA)
one of a body of magistrates in various ancient Dorian states, especially at Sparta, where a body of five was elected annually by the people.
Origin of ephor
1580-90; < Latin ephorus < Greek éphoros overseer, guardian, ruler (Compare ephorân to look over, equivalent to ep- ep- + horân to see, look)
Related forms
ephoral, adjective
[ef-uh-reyt, -er-it] /ˈɛf əˌreɪt, -ər ɪt/ (Show IPA),
[ef-er-uh l-tee] /ˈɛf ər əl ti/ (Show IPA),
noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for ephor


noun (pl) -ors, -ori (-əˌraɪ)
(in ancient Greece) one of a board of senior magistrates in any of several Dorian states, esp the five Spartan ephors, who were elected by vote of all full citizens and who wielded effective power
Derived Forms
ephoral, adjective
ephorate, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Greek ephoros, from ephoran to supervise, from epi- + horan to look
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ephor

"Spartan magistrate," 1580s, from Greek ephoros "overseer," from epi- "over" (see epi-) + horan "to see" (see warrant (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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