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[eer-os, er-os] /ˈɪər ɒs, ˈɛr ɒs/
noun, plural Erotes
[uh-roh-teez] /əˈroʊ tiz/ (Show IPA),
for 2, 3.
the ancient Greek god of love, identified by the Romans with Cupid.
a representation of this god.
a winged figure of a child representing love or the power of love.
(sometimes lowercase) physical love; sexual desire.
Compare agape2 (def 2).
Astronomy. an asteroid that approaches to within 14 million miles (22.5 million km) of the earth once every 44 years.
  1. the libido.
  2. instincts for self-preservation collectively. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for Eros
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • It was a beautiful cameo of Alcibiades, with the quiver and bow of Eros.

    Philothea Lydia Maria Child
  • Odd, that the visit of Eros should a second time be succeeded by a motor-jaunt!

    Love and Lucy

    Maurice Henry Hewlett
  • Because he was obviously no Eros, was he so obviously but part of a man?

    Love and Lucy

    Maurice Henry Hewlett
  • Carefully, then, did Eros choose two arrows from his quiver.

    A Book of Myths Jean Lang
  • Once had her mouth been as the bow of Eros, painted in carmine.

    A Book of Myths Jean Lang
  • The story of the raising of Eros and AntEros may be found in his life by Eunapius.

  • He looked as beautiful as the Eros of Praxiteles in his helmet of panther-skin.

    The Gods are Athirst Anatole France
British Dictionary definitions for Eros


/ˈɪərɒs; ˈɛrɒs/
(Greek myth) the god of love, son of Aphrodite Roman counterpart Cupid
Also called life instinct. (in Freudian theory) the group of instincts, esp sexual, that govern acts of self-preservation and that tend towards uninhibited enjoyment of life Compare Thanatos
Word Origin
Greek: desire, sexual love
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Eros

god of love, late 14c., from Greek eros (plural erates), literally "love," related to eran "to love," erasthai "to love, desire," of uncertain origin.

Freudian sense of "urge to self-preservation and sexual pleasure" is from 1922. Ancient Greek distinguished four ways of love: erao "to be in love with, to desire passionately or sexually;" phileo "have affection for;" agapao "have regard for, be contented with;" and stergo, used especially of the love of parents and children or a ruler and his subjects.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Eros in Medicine

Eros E·ros or e·ros (ěr'ŏs, ēr'-)

  1. In psychoanalytic theory, the sum of all instincts for self-preservation.

  2. Sexual drive; libido.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Eros in Culture
Eros [(air-os, eer-os)]

[Roman name Cupid]

A Greek and Roman god of love, often called the son of Aphrodite. He is better known by his Roman name.

Note: The word erotic comes from the Greek word eros, which is the term for sexual love itself, as well as the god's name.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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