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escudo

[e-skoo-doh; Portuguese es-koo-doo; Spanish es-koo-th aw]
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noun, plural es·cu·dos [e-skoo-dohz; Portuguese es-koo-doo s; Spanish es-koo-th aws] /ɛˈsku doʊz; Portuguese ɛsˈku dʊs; Spanish ɛsˈku ðɔs/.
  1. a coin and monetary unit of Cape Verde, equal to 100 centavos.
  2. a former coin and monetary unit of Angola, Guinea-Bissau, and Mozambique.
  3. a former paper money and monetary unit of Chile, equal to 100 condors or 1000 pesos, replaced by the new peso in 1975.
  4. any of various former gold coins of Spain, Spanish America, and Portugal.
  5. a former silver coin of Spain, discontinued in 1868.
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Origin of escudo

1815–25; < Spanish: shield < Latin scūtum
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for escudo

Historical Examples

  • The real is a quarter of a peseta, but the escudo of ten reales has been suppressed.

    Four Young Explorers

    Oliver Optic

  • The real of eight received a new name, Escudo de plata, and was to issue at an equivalence of 10 reals of the new silver.

  • The nearest relatives received an 'escudo de oro,' or two-dollar piece.

  • Before every storm the boat of phantoms appeared, and when he sailed for Escudo and Porto Bello it followed him.

  • The largest weight is the tàhel, which is the weight of ten reals of silver—or, as we say, of one escudo.


British Dictionary definitions for escudo

escudo

noun plural -dos (-dəʊz, Portuguese -ðuʃ)
  1. the standard monetary unit of Cape Verde, divided into 100 centavos
  2. the former standard monetary unit of Portugal, divided into 100 centavos; replaced by the euro in 2002
  3. a former monetary unit of Chile, divided into 100 centesimos
  4. an old Spanish silver coin worth 10 reals
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Word Origin

C19: Spanish, literally: shield, from Latin scūtum
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for escudo

n.

Spanish and Portuguese coin, 1821, from Spanish/Portuguese escudo, from Latin scutum "shield" (see hide (n.1)). Also cf. ecu.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper