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[ih-tee-zhuh n] /ɪˈti ʒən/
(of certain Mediterranean winds) occurring annually.
Origin of etesian
1595-1605; < Latin etēsi(ae) < Greek etēsíai (ánemoi) periodic (winds) + -an Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for etesian
Historical Examples
  • The etesian winds made it impossible to bring up renforcements, and Csar's force was very small.

    A Friend of Caesar William Stearns Davis
  • Those which blow constantly at certain seasons of the year, as monsoon, trade, and etesian winds.

    The Sailor's Word-Book William Henry Smyth
  • The etesian winds blew fresh in summer from the north, across the sea, and refreshed the people in their gardens.

  • There the air is still, particularly when the etesian winds cool the other parts of the country which are burnt up by heat.

  • Their winter sets in when the etesian winds begin to blow (for they have rain), and the remaining season is summer.

  • And at dawn the etesian winds blew strongly, which by the command of Zeus blow over every land equally.

    The Argonautica Apollonius Rhodius
  • For it was easy enough to sail to Messenia; but to sail back again, while the etesian winds prevailed, was impossible.

  • From about the twentieth of July to the end of August the famous etesian winds ordinarily blew steadily from the west.

    Biblical Geography and History Charles Foster Kent
  • It is this “etesian” wind which enables sailing boats constantly to ascend the Nile, against its strong and rapid current.

  • In this way midsummer was reached—the etesian winds began to blow, and the Nile to rise.

    Ancient Egypt George Rawlinson
British Dictionary definitions for etesian


(of NW winds) recurring annually in the summer in the E Mediterranean
Word Origin
C17: from Latin etēsius yearly, from Greek etēsios, from etos year
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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