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[eks-kuh-vey-shuh n] /ˌɛks kəˈveɪ ʃən/
a hole or cavity made by excavating.
the act of excavating.
an area in which excavating has been done or is in progress, as an archaeological site.
Origin of excavation
1605-15; < Latin excavātiōn- (stem of excavātiō) a hollowing. See excavate, -ion
Related forms
excavational, adjective
nonexcavation, noun
reexcavation, noun
1. See hole. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for excavation
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • The lode descends steeply, and the excavation must follow its course.

  • If it be as you suspect, I will know their reasons for making this excavation.

    The Pioneers James Fenimore Cooper
  • As the tunnel was deepened a new method of excavation was employed.

    My Studio Neighbors William Hamilton Gibson
  • Soon after, I descended from the tree, and went to the excavation.

  • And it was Togi's excavation which brought Shann a first ray of hope.

    Storm Over Warlock Andre Norton
Word Origin and History for excavation

1610s, "action of excavating," from Latin excavationem (nominative excavatio) "a hollowing out," noun of action from past participle stem of excavare (see excavate).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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excavation in Medicine

excavation ex·ca·va·tion (ěk'skə-vā'shən)

  1. A natural cavity, pouch, or recess.

  2. A cavity formed artificially or as the result of a pathological process.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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