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excess

[noun ik-ses, ek-ses; adjective, verb ek-ses, ik-ses]
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noun
  1. the fact of exceeding something else in amount or degree: His strength is in excess of yours.
  2. the amount or degree by which one thing exceeds another: The bill showed an excess of several hundred dollars over the estimate.
  3. an extreme or excessive amount or degree; superabundance: to have an excess of energy.
  4. a going beyond what is regarded as customary or proper: to talk to excess.
  5. immoderate indulgence; intemperance in eating, drinking, etc.
adjective
  1. more than or above what is necessary, usual, or specified; extra: a charge for excess baggage; excess profits.
verb (used with object)
  1. to dismiss, demote, transfer, or furlough (an employee), especially as part of a mass layoff.

Origin of excess

1350–1400; Middle English (noun and adj.) < Latin excessus departure, digression, equivalent to exced-, variant stem of excēdere to exceed + -tus suffix of v. action
Can be confusedaccess assess excess

Synonyms

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3. surplus.

Antonyms

3. lack, deficiency.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for excesses

excess

noun (ɪkˈsɛs, ˈɛksɛs)
  1. the state or act of going beyond normal, sufficient, or permitted limits
  2. an immoderate or abnormal amount, number, extent, or degree too much or too manyan excess of tolerance
  3. the amount, number, extent, or degree by which one thing exceeds another
  4. chem a quantity of a reagent that is greater than the quantity required to complete a reactionadd an excess of acid
  5. overindulgence or intemperance
  6. insurance, mainly British a specified contribution towards the cost of a claim, stipulated on certain insurance policies as being payable by the policyholder
  7. in excess of of more than; over
  8. to excess to an inordinate extent; immoderatelyhe drinks to excess
adjective (ˈɛksɛs, ɪkˈsɛs) (usually prenominal)
  1. more than normal, necessary, or permitted; surplusexcess weight
  2. payable as a result of previous underpaymentexcess postage; an excess fare for a railway journey

Word Origin

C14: from Latin excessus, from excēdere to go beyond; see exceed
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for excesses

excess

n.

late 14c., from Old French exces (14c.) "excess, extravagance, outrage," from Latin excessus "departure, a going beyond the bounds of reason or beyond the subject," from stem of excedere "to depart, go beyond" (see exceed). As an adjective from late 15c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

excesses in Medicine

excess

(ĭk-sĕs, ĕksĕs′)
n.
  1. An amount or quantity beyond what is normal or sufficient; a surplus.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Idioms and Phrases with excesses

excess

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.