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[ik-skroo-shee-eyt] /ɪkˈskru ʃiˌeɪt/
verb (used with object), excruciated, excruciating.
to inflict severe pain upon; torture:
The headache excruciated him.
to cause mental anguish to; irritate greatly.
Origin of excruciate
1560-70; < Latin excruciātus, past participle of excruciāre to torment, torture, equivalent to ex- ex-1 + cruciāre to torment, crucify (derivative of crux cross); see -ate1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for excruciate
Historical Examples
  • But I need not excruciate you any longer;—any commands for town?

  • He will be vulgarly stuck up, and excruciate me with every French word he attempts to pronounce.

    Magnum Bonum Charlotte M. Yonge
British Dictionary definitions for excruciate


verb (transitive)
to inflict mental suffering on; torment
(obsolete) to inflict physical pain on; torture
Derived Forms
excruciation, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin excruciāre, from cruciāre to crucify, from crux cross
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for excruciate

1560s, from Latin excruciatus, past participle of excruciare "to torture, torment, rack, plague;" figuratively "to afflict, harass, vex, torment," from ex- "out, thoroughly" (see ex-) + cruciare "cause pain or anguish to," literally "crucify," from crux (genitive crucis) "cross."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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