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extinguish

[ik-sting-gwish] /ɪkˈstɪŋ gwɪʃ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to put out (a fire, light, etc.); put out the flame of (something burning or lighted):
to extinguish a candle.
2.
to put an end to or bring to an end; wipe out of existence; annihilate:
to extinguish hope.
3.
to obscure or eclipse, as by superior brilliance.
4.
Law. to discharge (a debt), as by payment.
Origin of extinguish
1535-1545
1535-45; < Latin ex(s)tingu(ere) (ex- ex-1 + stinguere to quench) + -ish2
Related forms
extinguishable, adjective
extinguishment, noun
nonextinguishable, adjective
nonextinguished, adjective
preextinguish, verb (used with object)
preextinguishment, noun
self-extinguishing, adjective
unextinguishable, adjective
unextinguished, adjective
Synonyms
1. quench, smother, snuff out, blow out.
Antonyms
1. light, ignite.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for extinguish
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • I sprang to my feet and took immediate measures to extinguish the flames.

    Brave and Bold Horatio Alger
  • It would be well to extinguish the fire, and have a watch—listen!

    The Last of the Mohicans James Fenimore Cooper
  • The villagers were summoned to extinguish fires by ringing of bells.

    English Villages P. H. Ditchfield
  • Jealousy evermore blows the flame it seems formed to extinguish.

    Imogen William Godwin
  • But should a “holy alliance of legitimates” extinguish it, it will be but for a season.

    Chronicles of Border Warfare Alexander Scott Withers
British Dictionary definitions for extinguish

extinguish

/ɪkˈstɪŋɡwɪʃ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to put out or quench (a light, flames, etc)
2.
to remove or destroy entirely; annihilate
3.
(archaic) to eclipse or obscure by or as if by superior brilliance
4.
(law) to discharge (a debt)
Derived Forms
extinguishable, adjective
extinguisher, noun
extinguishment, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin exstinguere, from stinguere to quench
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for extinguish
v.

c.1500 (implied in extinguishable), from Latin extinguere/exstinguere "quench, wipe out, obliterate," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + stinguere "quench," from PIE *steig- "to prick, stick, pierce." Related: Extinguished; extinguishing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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extinguish in Medicine

extinguish ex·tin·guish (ĭk-stĭng'gwĭsh)
n. ex·tin·guished, ex·tin·guish·ing, ex·tin·guish·es
To bring about the extinction of a conditioned response.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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