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extradition

[ek-struh-dish-uh n]
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noun
  1. the procedure by which a state or nation, upon receipt of a formal request by another state or nation, turns over to that second jurisdiction an individual charged with or convicted of a crime in that jurisdiction.

Origin of extradition

From French, dating back to 1830–40; see origin at ex-1, tradition
Related formsnon·ex·tra·di·tion, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for extradition

extradition

noun
  1. the surrender of an alleged offender or fugitive to the state in whose territory the alleged offence was committed

Word Origin

C19: from French, from Latin trāditiō a handing over; see tradition
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for extradition

n.

1833, from French extradition (18c.), apparently a coinage of Voltaire's, from Latin ex "out" (see ex-) + traditionem (nominative traditio) "a delivering up, handing over," noun of action from tradere "to hand over" (see tradition).

This word might be adopted in our language with advantage, as we have none which conveys the same meaning. Extradition signifies the delivering up of criminals who may have sought refuge in any country, to the government whose subjects they are, on a claim being made to this effect. [from a footnote to the word extradition in translation of "Memoirs of Marshal Ney," London, 1833]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

extradition in Culture

extradition

[(ek-struh-dish-uhn)]

The legal process by which one government may obtain custody of individuals from another government in order to put them on trial or imprison them.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.