- (in the 14th and 15th centuries) a freeholder who was not of noble birth.
Origin of franklin
- A·re·tha [uh-ree-thuh] /əˈri θə/, born 1942, U.S. singer.
- Benjamin,1706–90, American statesman, diplomat, author, scientist, and inventor.
- Sir John,1786–1847, English Arctic explorer.
- John Hope,1915–2009, U.S. historian and educator.
- a district in extreme N Canada, in the Northwest Territories, including the Boothia and Melville peninsulas, Baffin Island, and other Arctic islands. 549,253 sq. mi. (1,422,565 sq. km).
- a town in S Massachusetts.
- a city in SE Wisconsin.
- a town in central Tennessee.
- a town in central Indiana.
- a town in SW Ohio.
- a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning “freeholder.”
Examples from the Web for franklin
Thanks to that meddling Franklin and the other editors, Jefferson thought his Declaration had been “mangled.”Forget the Resolutions; Try a Few Declarations
January 1, 2015
Churchill said that meeting Franklin Roosevelt was like opening a bottle of Champagne—and so is reading The Churchill Factor.Boris Johnson’s Churchill Man Crush
Michael F. Bishop
November 22, 2014
So said President Franklin Delano Roosevelt on March 23, 1933, just before he reached for a cold one.The Booze That Saved America
November 8, 2014
Third, Franklin Foer wrote a cover story for The New Republic on why Amazon needs to be broken up.The Supreme Court Is Weighing Corporate Power Yet Again
October 17, 2014
Two years later, Kansas helped oust Curtis—and Hoover—by voting for Franklin Roosevelt and re-electing McGill.A Loss by Pat Roberts in Kansas? Actually, Not So Bizarre
October 3, 2014
In 1844, he was elected to the State Senate from the Franklin district.Cleveland Past and Present
Franklin went through life with the joyous inventiveness of the amateur.The American Mind
Elkanah Watson was also a bearer of despatches to Dr. Franklin.Washington's Masonic Correspondence
Julius F. Sachse
Through all this adulation Franklin passed serenely, if not unconsciously.
From boyhood Franklin had been interested in natural phenomena.
- (in 14th- and 15th-century England) a substantial landholder of free but not noble birth
- Aretha (əˈriːθə) born 1942, US soul, pop, and gospel singer; noted for her songs "Respect" (1967), "I Say a Little Prayer" (1968), and, with George Michael, "I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)" (1987)
- Benjamin 1706–90, American statesman, scientist, and author. He helped draw up the Declaration of Independence (1776) and, as ambassador to France (1776–85), he negotiated an alliance with France and a peace settlement with Britain. As a scientist, he is noted particularly for his researches in electricity, esp his invention of the lightning conductor
- Sir John . 1786–1847, English explorer of the Arctic: lieutenant-governor of Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) (1836–43): died while on a voyage to discover the Northwest Passage
- Rosalind . 1920–58, British x-ray crystallographer. She contributed to the discovery of the structure of DNA, before her premature death from cancer
Word Origin and History for franklin
surname attested from late 12c., Middle English Frankeleyn, from Anglo-French fraunclein "a land-owner of free but not noble birth," from Old French franc "free" (see frank (adj.)), with Germanic suffix also found in chamberlain.
The Franklin stove (1787) so called because it was invented by U.S. scientist/politician Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790). In early 19c., lightning rods often were called Franklins.
- British biophysicist. Her x-ray diffraction studies of DNA led to the description of the full structure of DNA by James Watson and Francis Crick.
- American public official, scientist, inventor, and writer who fully established the distinction between negative and positive electricity, proved that lightning and electricity are identical, and suggested that buildings could be protected by lightning conductors. He also invented bifocal glasses, established the direction of the prevailing storm track in North America and determined the existence of the Gulf Stream.
- British x-ray crystallographer whose diffraction images, made by directing x-rays at DNA, provided crucial information that led to the discovery of its structure as a double helix by Francis Crick and James D. Watson.
Biography: James D. Watson and Francis Crick's famous double helix model of the structure of DNA is rightly considered one of the greatest scientific discoveries ever made. While Watson and Crick became famous the world over, later sharing the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine, the contributions of Rosalind Franklin are less well-known, even though her work was crucial to their discovery. Franklin's x-ray photograph depicting the double-helix shape of DNA gave Watson and Crick the essential experimental evidence they needed to determine DNA's structure. Born in London in 1920 to a wealthy Anglo-Jewish family, Franklin attended the University of Cambridge, where she earned a doctorate in physical chemistry. It was there that she learned x-ray crystallography, a process used to determine the structure of molecules by bombarding them with x-rays and analyzing the resultant diffraction patterns. Franklin later accepted a post at King's College London in 1951 to study DNA, thus entering the race to discover the molecule's structure. Without her knowledge, a close colleague at King's, Maurice Wilkins, showed her unpublished research to Watson and Crick, who were then able to establish DNA's configuration and soon after published their findings in the journal Nature. When Franklin saw the model produced by Watson and Crick, she accepted it immediately, as it fit with her experimental data. Franklin left King's in 1953 and continued a distinguished career, studying the structure of viruses. She died of ovarian cancer at 37, never knowing how her own work had contributed to their important discovery.