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fume

[fyoom]
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noun
  1. Often fumes. any smokelike or vaporous exhalation from matter or substances, especially of an odorous or harmful nature: tobacco fumes; noxious fumes of carbon monoxide.
  2. an irritable or angry mood: He has been in a fume ever since the contract fell through.
verb (used with object), fumed, fum·ing.
  1. to emit or exhale, as fumes or vapor: giant stacks fuming their sooty smoke.
  2. to treat with or expose to fumes.
  3. to show fretful irritation or anger: She always fumes when the mail is late.
verb (used without object), fumed, fum·ing.
  1. to rise, or pass off, as fumes: smoke fuming from an ashtray.
  2. to emit fumes: The leaky pipe fumed alarmingly.

Origin of fume

1350–1400; Middle English < Old French fum < Latin fūmus smoke, steam, fume
Related formsfume·less, adjectivefume·like, adjectivefum·er, nounfum·ing·ly, adverbun·fum·ing, adjective

Synonyms

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2. rage, fury, agitation, storm. 5. chafe, fret.

fumé

[fy-mey]
adjective French.
  1. of food, cured or flavored by exposure to smoke; smoked.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for fume

Historical Examples

  • Dumoulin was hot-blooded, noisy, unmethodical, always in a state of fuss and fume!

    A Nest of Spies

    Pierre Souvestre

  • Cynthia may fret and fume and stamp, but willy-nilly I shall carry her away.

    The Tavern Knight

    Rafael Sabatini

  • He sat there frowning and biting his lip, and suddenly he began to fume and fret.

    Falk

    Joseph Conrad

  • Men fret and fuss and fume, and are for ever in haste; the toad eyes them with contempt.

  • We glare and fume and could gladly see them all maced in sunder with battle-axes.

    Pipefuls

    Christopher Morley


British Dictionary definitions for fume

fume

verb
  1. (intr) to be overcome with anger or fury; rage
  2. to give off (fumes) or (of fumes) to be given off, esp during a chemical reaction
  3. (tr) to subject to or treat with fumes; fumigate
noun
  1. (often plural) a pungent or toxic vapour
  2. a sharp or pungent odour
  3. a condition of anger
Derived Formsfumeless, adjectivefumelike, adjectivefumer, nounfumingly, adverbfumy, adjective

Word Origin

C14: from Old French fum, from Latin fūmus smoke, vapour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for fume

n.

late 14c., from Old French fum "smoke, steam, vapor, breath," from Latin fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (source of Italian fumo, Spanish humo), from PIE *dheu- (cf. Sanskrit dhumah, Old Church Slavonic dymu, Lithuanian dumai, Old Prussian dumis "smoke," Middle Irish dumacha "fog," Greek thymos "spirit, mind, soul").

v.

c.1400, "to fumigate," from Old French fumer, from Latin fumare "to smoke, steam," from fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (see fume (n.)). Figurative sense of "show anger" is first recorded 1520s. Related: Fumed; fumes; fuming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

fume in Science

fume

[fyōōm]
  1. Smoke, vapor, or gas, especially if irritating, harmful, or smelly.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.