- Often fumes. any smokelike or vaporous exhalation from matter or substances, especially of an odorous or harmful nature: tobacco fumes; noxious fumes of carbon monoxide.
- an irritable or angry mood: He has been in a fume ever since the contract fell through.
- to emit or exhale, as fumes or vapor: giant stacks fuming their sooty smoke.
- to treat with or expose to fumes.
- to show fretful irritation or anger: She always fumes when the mail is late.
- to rise, or pass off, as fumes: smoke fuming from an ashtray.
- to emit fumes: The leaky pipe fumed alarmingly.
Origin of fume
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
- of food, cured or flavored by exposure to smoke; smoked.
Examples from the Web for fume
Dumoulin was hot-blooded, noisy, unmethodical, always in a state of fuss and fume!A Nest of Spies
Cynthia may fret and fume and stamp, but willy-nilly I shall carry her away.The Tavern Knight
He sat there frowning and biting his lip, and suddenly he began to fume and fret.Falk
Men fret and fuss and fume, and are for ever in haste; the toad eyes them with contempt.
We glare and fume and could gladly see them all maced in sunder with battle-axes.Pipefuls
- (intr) to be overcome with anger or fury; rage
- to give off (fumes) or (of fumes) to be given off, esp during a chemical reaction
- (tr) to subject to or treat with fumes; fumigate
- (often plural) a pungent or toxic vapour
- a sharp or pungent odour
- a condition of anger
Word Origin and History for fume
late 14c., from Old French fum "smoke, steam, vapor, breath," from Latin fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (source of Italian fumo, Spanish humo), from PIE *dheu- (cf. Sanskrit dhumah, Old Church Slavonic dymu, Lithuanian dumai, Old Prussian dumis "smoke," Middle Irish dumacha "fog," Greek thymos "spirit, mind, soul").
c.1400, "to fumigate," from Old French fumer, from Latin fumare "to smoke, steam," from fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (see fume (n.)). Figurative sense of "show anger" is first recorded 1520s. Related: Fumed; fumes; fuming.
- Smoke, vapor, or gas, especially if irritating, harmful, or smelly.