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fume

[fyoom]
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noun
  1. Often fumes. any smokelike or vaporous exhalation from matter or substances, especially of an odorous or harmful nature: tobacco fumes; noxious fumes of carbon monoxide.
  2. an irritable or angry mood: He has been in a fume ever since the contract fell through.
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verb (used with object), fumed, fum·ing.
  1. to emit or exhale, as fumes or vapor: giant stacks fuming their sooty smoke.
  2. to treat with or expose to fumes.
  3. to show fretful irritation or anger: She always fumes when the mail is late.
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verb (used without object), fumed, fum·ing.
  1. to rise, or pass off, as fumes: smoke fuming from an ashtray.
  2. to emit fumes: The leaky pipe fumed alarmingly.
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Origin of fume

1350–1400; Middle English < Old French fum < Latin fūmus smoke, steam, fume
Related formsfume·less, adjectivefume·like, adjectivefum·er, nounfum·ing·ly, adverbun·fum·ing, adjective

Synonyms

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2. rage, fury, agitation, storm. 5. chafe, fret.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for fumes

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • For that reason, as well as because of the fumes in his brain, he did not hear the coming of the automobile.

  • The air was noisome with dead tobacco smoke and the fumes of stale beer.

    A Son of Hagar

    Sir Hall Caine

  • The fumes of the wine were mounting steadily to addle his indifferent brains.

    The Snare

    Rafael Sabatini

  • But Thrasydaeus was laid asleep the while where the fumes of wine had overpowered him.

    Hellenica

    Xenophon

  • Of Air infected with the fumes of burning Charcoal 129 Sect.


British Dictionary definitions for fumes

fume

verb
  1. (intr) to be overcome with anger or fury; rage
  2. to give off (fumes) or (of fumes) to be given off, esp during a chemical reaction
  3. (tr) to subject to or treat with fumes; fumigate
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noun
  1. (often plural) a pungent or toxic vapour
  2. a sharp or pungent odour
  3. a condition of anger
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Derived Formsfumeless, adjectivefumelike, adjectivefumer, nounfumingly, adverbfumy, adjective

Word Origin

C14: from Old French fum, from Latin fūmus smoke, vapour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for fumes

fume

n.

late 14c., from Old French fum "smoke, steam, vapor, breath," from Latin fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (source of Italian fumo, Spanish humo), from PIE *dheu- (cf. Sanskrit dhumah, Old Church Slavonic dymu, Lithuanian dumai, Old Prussian dumis "smoke," Middle Irish dumacha "fog," Greek thymos "spirit, mind, soul").

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fume

v.

c.1400, "to fumigate," from Old French fumer, from Latin fumare "to smoke, steam," from fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (see fume (n.)). Figurative sense of "show anger" is first recorded 1520s. Related: Fumed; fumes; fuming.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

fumes in Science

fume

[fyōōm]
  1. Smoke, vapor, or gas, especially if irritating, harmful, or smelly.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.