- Often fumes. any smokelike or vaporous exhalation from matter or substances, especially of an odorous or harmful nature: tobacco fumes; noxious fumes of carbon monoxide.
- an irritable or angry mood: He has been in a fume ever since the contract fell through.
- to emit or exhale, as fumes or vapor: giant stacks fuming their sooty smoke.
- to treat with or expose to fumes.
- to show fretful irritation or anger: She always fumes when the mail is late.
- to rise, or pass off, as fumes: smoke fuming from an ashtray.
- to emit fumes: The leaky pipe fumed alarmingly.
Origin of fume
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
Examples from the Web for fumes
To create that all-important alcohol content, the fumes are circulated out of the still into condensers.When It Comes to Great Whisky, The Size of Your Still Matters
December 9, 2014
Fumes filled the arena, engines revved, and the beastly vehicles made their way out on to the spotlight.The Moms of Monster Jam Drive Trucks, Buck Macho Culture
November 22, 2014
The stench of the backed-up toilets combines with the fumes of garbage fermenting in the midday sun.Israel Is Minting the Next Generation of Hate
July 30, 2014
But inhale the fumes of Republican rhetoric more deeply, and a more mind-blowing reality comes into focus.Rubio’s Wrong on Recreational Pot
May 22, 2014
She thrives on being the center of attention and fumes when anyone else steals her thunder.Michelle Obama’s Friendship Secrets
April 20, 2012
For that reason, as well as because of the fumes in his brain, he did not hear the coming of the automobile.Way of the Lawless
The air was noisome with dead tobacco smoke and the fumes of stale beer.A Son of Hagar
Sir Hall Caine
The fumes of the wine were mounting steadily to addle his indifferent brains.The Snare
But Thrasydaeus was laid asleep the while where the fumes of wine had overpowered him.Hellenica
Of Air infected with the fumes of burning Charcoal 129 Sect.Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air
- (intr) to be overcome with anger or fury; rage
- to give off (fumes) or (of fumes) to be given off, esp during a chemical reaction
- (tr) to subject to or treat with fumes; fumigate
- (often plural) a pungent or toxic vapour
- a sharp or pungent odour
- a condition of anger
Word Origin and History for fumes
late 14c., from Old French fum "smoke, steam, vapor, breath," from Latin fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (source of Italian fumo, Spanish humo), from PIE *dheu- (cf. Sanskrit dhumah, Old Church Slavonic dymu, Lithuanian dumai, Old Prussian dumis "smoke," Middle Irish dumacha "fog," Greek thymos "spirit, mind, soul").
c.1400, "to fumigate," from Old French fumer, from Latin fumare "to smoke, steam," from fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (see fume (n.)). Figurative sense of "show anger" is first recorded 1520s. Related: Fumed; fumes; fuming.
- Smoke, vapor, or gas, especially if irritating, harmful, or smelly.