- a plural of fungus.
- a taxonomic kingdom, or in some classification schemes a division of the kingdom Plantae, comprising all the fungus groups and sometimes also the slime molds.
Origin of Fungi
- any of a diverse group of eukaryotic single-celled or multinucleate organisms that live by decomposing and absorbing the organic material in which they grow, comprising the mushrooms, molds, mildews, smuts, rusts, and yeasts, and classified in the kingdom Fungi or, in some classification systems, in the division Fungi (Thallophyta) of the kingdom Plantae.
- Pathology. a spongy, abnormal growth, as granulation tissue formed in a wound.
Origin of fungus
- a combining form representing fungus in compound words: fungicide.
Examples from the Web for fungi
All grains produce lectins, which selectively bind to unique proteins on the surfaces of bacteria, fungi, and insects.Wheat Threatens All Humans, New Research Shows
David Perlmutter, MD
December 10, 2013
Turns out the fungi in our inguinal crease are not the same ones on our heel pad or behind our ear.Happy Summer. You’re Covered in Fungus.
July 5, 2013
After all, lots of infections course through the blood—viruses and bacteria and fungi.‘Dark Shadows’ Returns: A User’s Guide to Drinking Blood
May 11, 2012
But it is unnecessary to dwell longer on the spores of fungi.Life: Its True Genesis
R. W. Wright
There is nothing more beautiful than a cluster of this fungi.
However this may be, they are true plants and have many of the characteristics of the fungi.
Mycetophila is from two Greek words, mycetes, fungi; phila, fond of.
The plant is so called because it is found growing upon other fungi.
- a plural of fungus
before a vowel fung-
- fungusfungicide; fungoid
- any member of a kingdom of organisms (Fungi) that lack chlorophyll, leaves, true stems, and roots, reproduce by spores, and live as saprotrophs or parasites. The group includes moulds, mildews, rusts, yeasts, and mushrooms
- something resembling a fungus, esp in suddenly growing and spreading rapidly
- pathol any soft tumorous growth
Word Origin and History for fungi
Latin plural of fungus.
1520s, from Latin fungus "a mushroom," in English as a learned alternative to mushroom. (Funge was used in this sense late 14c.) The Latin word is believed to be cognate with (or derived from) Greek sphongos, the Attic form of spongos "sponge" (see sponge).
- The kingdom of organisms that is made up of the fungi and includes the yeasts, molds, mildews, and mushrooms.
- Any of numerous eukaryotic organisms that reproduce by spores. The spores of most fungi grow a network of slender tubes called hyphae that spread into and feed off of dead organic matter or living organisms. The hyphae often produce specialized reproductive bodies, such as mushrooms.
- Any of a wide variety of organisms that reproduce by spores, including the mushrooms, molds, yeasts, and mildews. The spores of most fungi grow a network of slender tubes called hyphae that spread into and feed off of dead organic matter or living organisms. Fungi absorb food by excreting enzymes that break down complex substances into molecules that can be absorbed into the hyphae. The hyphae also produce reproductive structures, such as mushrooms and other growths. Some fungi (called perfect fungi) can reproduce by both sexually produced spores and asexual spores; other fungi (called imperfect fungi or deuteromycetes) are thought to have lost their sexual stage and can only reproduce by asexual spores. Fungi can live in a wide variety of environments, and fungal spores can survive extreme temperatures. Fungi exist in over 100,000 species, nearly all of which live on land. They can be extremely destructive, feeding on almost any kind of material and causing food spoilage and many plant diseases. Although fungi were once grouped with plants, they are now considered a separate kingdom in taxonomy. See Table at taxonomy.
Plantlike organisms lacking chlorophyll, such as mushrooms, molds, yeasts, and mildews. Modern biologists tend to place fungi in their own kingdom, not in the plant kingdom, because they get their nutrients from other living things (or from the remains of living things that have died) rather than from photosynthesis. (See under “Medicine and Health.”)