- impudence; effrontery.
- bile, especially that of an animal.
- something bitter or severe.
- bitterness of spirit; rancor.
- gall and wormwood, bitterness of spirit; deep resentment.
Origin of gall1
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
- to make sore by rubbing; chafe severely: The saddle galled the horse's back.
- to vex or irritate greatly: His arrogant manner galls me.
- to be or become chafed.
- Machinery. (of either of two engaging metal parts) to lose metal to the other because of heat or molecular attraction resulting from friction.
- Metallurgy. (of a die or compact in powder metallurgy) to lose surface material through adhesion to the die.
- a sore on the skin, especially of a horse, due to rubbing; excoriation.
- something very vexing or irritating.
- a state of vexation or irritation.
Origin of gall2
- any abnormal vegetable growth or excrescence on plants, caused by various agents, as insects, nematodes, fungi, bacteria, viruses, chemicals, and mechanical injuries.
Origin of gall3
- Pizi, 1840?–94, leader of the Hunkpapa Sioux: a major chief in the battle of Little Bighorn.
Examples from the Web for gall
As far as I know, however, only Gall managed to find a source to verify this.Pakistan’s New Top Spy Once Suggested Peace With India
September 23, 2014
And you even had the gall to claim to have turned a new leaf in the pinstripes.Alex Rodriguez Is Facing a Lifetime Ban From Baseball, But He Was Never a Yankee
August 1, 2013
The drainage tube to the bilary duct, which connected the intestines to the gall bladder, also failed.The Day Castro Wept
A. L. Bardach
September 17, 2009
But it is time to lay down my pen, since my ink runs nothing but gall.Clarissa, Volume 2 (of 9)
I have summoned you here to witness it, because I know it will be gall and wormwood to you!Life And Adventures Of Martin Chuzzlewit
Under a specious, smiling countenance you all conceal a heart of gall.Imogen
In drawing poultry, care must be taken not to break the gall bag, for no washing will take off the bitter where it has touched.
The head should be twisted under the wing; and in drawing it, take care not to tear the liver, nor let the gall touch it.
- a sore on the skin caused by chafing
- something that causes vexation or annoyancea gall to the spirits
- irritation; exasperation
- pathol to abrade (the skin, etc) as by rubbing
- (tr) to irritate or annoy; vex
- an abnormal outgrowth in plant tissue caused by certain parasitic insects, fungi, bacteria, or mechanical injury
Word Origin and History for gall
"bile," Old English galla (Anglian), gealla (W. Saxon) "gall, bile," from Proto-Germanic *gallon- (cf. Old Norse gall, Old Saxon, Old High German galla, German Galle), from PIE root *ghel- "gold, yellow, yellowish-green" (see Chloe). Informal sense of "impudence, boldness" first recorded American English 1882; but meaning "embittered spirit, rancor" is from c.1200, from the medieval theory of humors. Gall bladder recorded from 1670s.
"sore spot on a horse," Old English gealla "painful swelling," from Latin galla "gall, lump on plant," originally "oak apple," of uncertain origin. Perhaps from or influenced by gall (1) on notion of "poison-sore." German galle, Dutch gal also are from Latin.
- An abnormal swelling of plant tissue, caused by injury or by parasitic organisms such as insects, mites, nematodes, and bacteria. Parasites stimulate the production of galls by secreting chemical irritants on or in the plant tissue. Galls stimulated by egg-laying parasites typically provide a protective environment in which the eggs can hatch and the pupae develop, and they usually do only minor damage to the host plant. Gall-stimulating fungi and microorganisms, such as the bacterium that causes crown gall, are generally considered to be plant diseases.