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[gous] /gaʊs/
noun, Electricity.
the centimeter-gram-second unit of magnetic induction, equal to the magnetic induction of a magnetic field in which one abcoulomb of charge, moving with a component of velocity perpendicular to the field and equal to one centimeter per second, is acted on by a force of one dyne; 1 maxwell per square centimeter or 10− 4 weber per square meter. Symbol: G.
(formerly) oersted (def 1).
Origin of gauss
First recorded in 1880-85; named after K. F. Gauss


[gous] /gaʊs/
Karl Friedrich
[kahrl free-drikh] /kɑrl ˈfri drɪx/ (Show IPA),
1777–1855, German mathematician and astronomer.
Related forms
Gaussian, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for gauss
Historical Examples
  • gauss also devoted much of his time to acquiring the ancient and modern languages.

  • In 1819, gauss measured a degree of latitude between Gottingen and Altona.

  • In mathematics do you look upon Euler, Laplace, or gauss as fools?

    Virgin Soil Ivan S. Turgenev
  • Its distance from the sun as determined by gauss was 2·767 times the earth's distance.

    Pioneers of Science Oliver Lodge
  • The lay journals say gauss had no failures, but he himself should know.

  • Its ship, the gauss, had been built at Kiel with the Fram as a model.

  • On February 8, 1903, the gauss was able to begin to move again.

  • He also asked that it be shown to gauss that he might give his judgment as to its merits.

    The Mystery of Space Robert T. Browne
  • To the authors of these theories—gauss, Green, Cauchy and others—he was a fit successor.

    Lord Kelvin Andrew Gray
  • It resulted in the discovery of one of the greatest mathematicians, perhaps the greatest, that Germany has ever produced—gauss.

    Pioneers of Science Oliver Lodge
British Dictionary definitions for gauss


noun (pl) gauss
the cgs unit of magnetic flux density; the flux density that will induce an emf of 1 abvolt (10–8 volt) per centimetre in a wire moving across the field at a velocity of 1 centimetre per second. 1 gauss is equivalent to 10–4 tesla
Word Origin
after Karl Gauss


/German ɡaus/
Karl Friedrich (karl ˈfriːdrɪç). 1777–1855, German mathematician: developed the theory of numbers and applied mathematics to astronomy, electricity and magnetism, and geodesy
Derived Forms
Gaussian (ˈɡaʊsɪən) adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gauss

C.G.S. unit of intensity of a magnetic field, 1882, named for German mathematician Karl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855). Related: Gaussage.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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gauss in Medicine

gauss (gous)
n. pl. gauss or gauss·es
The centimeter-gram-second unit of magnetic induction.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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gauss in Science
The unit of magnetic flux density in the centimeter-gram-second system, equal to one maxwell per square centimeter, or 10-4 tesla.
Gauss, Carl Friedrich 1777-1855.  
German mathematician, astronomer and physicist who introduced significant and rapid advances to mathematics with his contributions to algebra, geometry, statistics and theoretical mathematics. He also correctly calculated the orbit of the asteroid Ceres in 1801 and studied electricity and magnetism, developing the magnetometer in 1832. The gauss unit of magnetic flux density is named for him.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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