Try Our Apps
Dictionary.com

follow Dictionary.com

2017 Word of the Year

geld1

[geld] /gɛld/
verb (used with object), gelded or gelt, gelding.
1.
to castrate (an animal, especially a horse).
2.
to take strength, vitality, or power from; weaken or subdue.
Origin of geld1
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English gelden < Old Norse gelda
Related forms
gelder, noun
ungelded, adjective

geld2

[geld] /gɛld/
noun, English History.
1.
a payment; tax.
2.
a tax paid to the crown by landholders under the Anglo-Saxon and Norman kings.
Origin
1600-10; < Medieval Latin geldum payment, tribute < Germanic; compare Old English geld, German Geld
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
Cite This Source
Examples from the Web for geld
Historical Examples
  • geld, money, has no connection with gold, but is cognate with Eng.

  • Does your worship mean to geld and splay all the youth of the city?

    Measure for Measure William Shakespeare
  • Power came to him with travail and through toil, the geld of craft and of force.

    Harold, Complete Edward Bulwer-Lytton
  • The number of hides that is put before us is the number of hides for geld.

    Domesday Book and Beyond

    Frederic William Maitland
  • The scotum in this context seems to be or to include the geld.

    Domesday Book and Beyond

    Frederic William Maitland
  • A manerium does not cease to be a manerium by being freed from geld.

    Domesday Book and Beyond

    Frederic William Maitland
  • But further, the assessment of the geld sadly needed reform.

    Domesday Book and Beyond

    Frederic William Maitland
  • Of course the state will endeavour to collect the geld in big sums.

    Domesday Book and Beyond

    Frederic William Maitland
  • The petty maneria of Suffolk, what can they be but holdings which geld by themselves?

    Domesday Book and Beyond

    Frederic William Maitland
  • He who has seven houses against which geld is charged is a big man.

    Domesday Book and Beyond

    Frederic William Maitland
British Dictionary definitions for geld

geld1

/ɡɛld/
verb (transitive) gelds, gelding, gelded, gelt
1.
to castrate (a horse or other animal)
2.
to deprive of virility or vitality; emasculate; weaken
Derived Forms
gelder, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old Norse gelda, from geldr barren

geld2

/ɡɛld/
noun
1.
a tax on land levied in late Anglo-Saxon and Norman England
Word Origin
Old English gield service, tax; related to Old Norse gjald tribute, Old Frisian jeld, Old High German gelt retribution, income
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for geld
n.

"royal tax in medieval England," Old English gield "payment, tribute," from Proto-Germanic *geldam "payment" (cf. Middle High German gelt "payment, contribution," German geld "money," Old Norse gjald "payment," Gothic gild "tribute, tax"), from PIE root of yield (v.).

v.

"to castrate," c.1300, from Old Norse gelda "castrate" from geldr "barren," from Proto-Germanic *galdu-, from PIE *ghel- "to cut." Related: Gelded. Cf. Old Norse geldr "yielding no milk, dry," Old High German galt "barren," said of a cow.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Nearby words for geld

Word Value for geld

6
8
Scrabble Words With Friends