- (in certain inflected languages) noting a case of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives, used primarily to express possession, measure, or origin: as John's hat, week's vacation, duty's call.
- noting an affix or other element characteristic of this case, or a word containing such an element.
- similar to such a case form in function or meaning.
- the genitive case.
- a word in the genitive case.
- a construction noting this case or the relationship usually expressed by it.
Origin of genitive
Examples from the Web for genitive
With the genitive to be supplied: brec þonne mste, 1488; imp.Beowulf
We have a genitive also in Flowerdew, found in French as Flourdieu.The Romance of Names
The genitive of material is rather the use of a noun as an adjective.A Handbook of the Cornish Language
In this case writers have been puzzled how to form the genitive.Elements of Gaelic Grammar
The ejection of -na in the genitive plural; as of tunges for tungena.A Handbook of the English Language
Robert Gordon Latham
- denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives in inflected languages used to indicate a relation of ownership or association, usually translated by English of
- the genitive case
- a word or speech element in this case
Word Origin and History for genitive
late 14c., from Old French genitif or directly from Latin (casus) genitivus "case expressing possession, source, origin," from genitus (past participle of gignere; see genital); misused by Latin grammarians to render Greek genike (ptosis) "generic (case)," expressing race or kind (see genus). The noun meaning "the genitive case in grammar" is from 1610s.