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governor

[guhv-er-ner, ‐uh-ner] /ˈgʌv ər nər, ‐ə nər/
noun
1.
the executive head of a state in the U.S.
2.
a person charged with the direction or control of an institution, society, etc.:
the governors of a bank; the governor of a prison.
3.
Also called governor general. the representative of the crown, as in the Commonwealth of Nations.
4.
a ruler or chief magistrate appointed to govern a province, town, fort, or the like.
5.
Machinery. a device for maintaining uniform speed regardless of changes of load, as by regulating the supply of fuel or working fluid.
6.
British Informal.
  1. one's father.
  2. one's employer.
  3. any man of superior rank or status.
Origin of governor
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English governour < Old French governeor, gouverneur < Latin gubernātōrem, accusative of gubernātor, equivalent to gubernā(re) to steer, govern + -tor -tor
Related forms
subgovernor, noun
undergovernor, noun
Pronunciation note
In governor, the process of dissimilation—the tendency for neighboring like sounds to become unlike or for one of them to disappear entirely—commonly results in the loss of the first
[r] /r/ (Show IPA)
of
[guhv-er-ner] /ˈgʌv ər nər/
producing the pronunciation
[guhv-uh-ner] /ˈgʌv ə nər/ .
This pronunciation is heard even in regions where postvocalic
[r] /r/
is not usually dropped. A further loss, of the medial unstressed vowel, results in
[guhv-ner] /ˈgʌv nər/ .
All three pronunciations are standard. See colonel, February, library.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for governor
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • It was in quest of this governor that Yoosoof bent his rapid steps.

    Black Ivory R.M. Ballantyne
  • They had to send south for a requisition from the governor of Georgia.

    Up the River Oliver Optic
  • He became eventually waivode of Transylvania, and governor of Hungary.

    The Romany Rye George Borrow
  • governor Hungerford wrote to me, as he had promised to do, during the summer.

    Up the River Oliver Optic
  • The ship was presented to the governor, who sold it for 800.

    Old Taverns of New York William Harrison Bayles
British Dictionary definitions for governor

governor

/ˈɡʌvənə/
noun
1.
a person who governs
2.
the ruler or chief magistrate of a colony, province, etc
3.
the representative of the Crown in a British colony
4.
(Brit) the senior administrator or head of a society, prison, etc
5.
the chief executive of any state in the US
6.
a device that controls the speed of an engine, esp by regulating the supply of fuel, etc, either to limit the maximum speed or to maintain a constant speed
7.
(grammar) Also called head
  1. a word in a phrase or clause that is the principal item and gives the function of the whole, as hat in the big red hat
  2. (as modifier): a governor noun
8.
(Brit, informal) a name or title of respect for a father, employer, etc
related
adjective gubernatorial
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for governor
n.

c.1300, gouernour, "personal keeper, protector, guide," from Old French governeor (11c., Modern French gouverneur) and directly from Latin gubernatorem (nominative gubernator) "director, ruler, governor," originally "steersman, pilot" (see govern). Meaning "subordinate ruler; head of a province, etc." is from late 14c. The adjective gubernatorial remembers the Latin form.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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12
15
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