- a period of division in the Roman Catholic Church, 1378–1417, over papal succession, during which there were two, or sometimes three, claimants to the papal office.
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- the breach between the Eastern and Western churches, usually dated from 1054
- the division within the Roman Catholic Church from 1378 to 1429, during which rival popes reigned at Rome and Avignon
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012