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[hah-see-en-duh; Spanish ah-syen-dah] /ˌhɑ siˈɛn də; Spanish ɑˈsyɛn dɑ/
noun, plural haciendas
[hah-see-en-duh z; Spanish ah-syen-dahs] /ˌhɑ siˈɛn dəz; Spanish ɑˈsyɛn dɑs/ (Show IPA)
(in Spanish America)
a large landed estate, especially one used for farming or ranching.
the main house on such an estate.
a stock raising, mining, or manufacturing establishment in the country.
Origin of hacienda
1710-20; < Spanish < Latin facienda things to be done or made, neuter plural of faciendus, gerund of facere to do1, make Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for hacienda
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • They had found him in the cottonwoods below the road not five miles from the hacienda.

    The Treasure Trail Marah Ellis Ryan
  • As ordered, I went to the gates of that hacienda very grand.

    The Treasure Trail Marah Ellis Ryan
  • Hadn't we better, I thought, start at once on foot for the hacienda?

    Romance Joseph Conrad and F.M. Hueffer
  • They feared that their presence had, in some way, become known to the peons of the hacienda.

    Romance Joseph Conrad and F.M. Hueffer
  • I'll search every inch of the island, every road, every hacienda.

    Romance Joseph Conrad and F.M. Hueffer
  • Catzim is now the name of a hacienda in the Department of Itzamal, some distance from the coast.

  • This horseman was the master of the hacienda, Don Augustin Peña.

    Wood Rangers Mayne Reid
  • Saying this, he walked silently towards the hacienda, followed by the assassin.

    Wood Rangers Mayne Reid
British Dictionary definitions for hacienda


noun (in Spain or Spanish-speaking countries)
  1. a ranch or large estate
  2. any substantial stock-raising, mining, or manufacturing establishment in the country
the main house on such a ranch or plantation
Word Origin
C18: from Spanish, from Latin facienda things to be done, from facere to do
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hacienda

1760, from Spanish hacienda "landed estate, plantation," earlier facienda, from Latin facienda "things to be done," from facere "to do" (see factitious). For noun use of a Latin gerundive, cf. agenda. The owner of one is a hacendado.

The change of Latin f- to Spanish h- is characteristic; e.g. hablar from fabulari, hacer from facere, hecho from factum, hermoso from formosum. Confusion of initial h- and f- was common in 16c. Spanish; the conquistador is known in contemporary records as both Hernando and Fernando Cortés.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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