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awake

[uh-weyk]
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verb (used with or without object), a·woke or a·waked, a·woke or a·waked or a·wo·ken, a·wak·ing.
  1. to wake up; rouse from sleep: I awoke at six with a feeling of dread.
  2. to rouse to action; become active: His flagging interest awoke.
  3. to come or bring to an awareness; become cognizant (often followed by to): She awoke to the realities of life.
adjective
  1. waking; not sleeping.
  2. vigilant; alert: They were awake to the danger.

Origin of awake

before 1000; Middle English awaken, Old English awacen, past participle of awæcnan; see a1, waken
Related formsa·wake·a·ble, adjectivehalf-a·wake, adjectivere·a·wake, verb, re·a·woke or re·a·waked, re·a·wak·ing.un·a·wake, adjectiveun·a·wake·a·ble, adjectiveun·a·waked, adjectiveun·a·wak·ing, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for half-awake

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Half-awake, he blinked at the ceiling of the control room of the Liberty.

    Talents, Incorporated

    William Fitzgerald Jenkins

  • This was from George Warren, whose voice denoted that he was only about half-awake.

    The Rival Campers

    Ruel Perley Smith

  • She was simply quiescent and passive, like a little child only half-awake.

    They Looked and Loved

    Mrs. Alex McVeigh Miller

  • Sometimes I think one must have said it asleep, and another heard it half-awake.

    Lilith

    George MacDonald

  • Half-asleep and half-awake; she was aware of shadow-shapes which came and went.

    The Tin Soldier

    Temple Bailey


British Dictionary definitions for half-awake

half-awake

adjective
  1. not fully awake

awake

verb awakes, awaking, awoke, awaked, awoken or awaked
  1. to emerge or rouse from sleep; wake
  2. to become or cause to become alert
  3. (usually foll by to) to become or make aware (of)to awake to reality
  4. Also: awaken (tr) to arouse (feelings, etc) or cause to remember (memories, etc)
adjective (postpositive)
  1. not sleeping
  2. (sometimes foll by to) lively or alert

Word Origin

Old English awacian, awacan; see wake 1

xref

See wake 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for half-awake

awake

v.

a merger of two Middle English verbs: 1. awaken, from Old English awæcnan (earlier onwæcnan; strong, past tense awoc, past participle awacen) "to awake, arise, originate," from a "on" + wacan "to arise, become awake" (see wake (v.)); and 2. awakien, from Old English awacian (weak, past participle awacode) "to awaken, revive; arise; originate, spring from," from a "on" (see a (2)) + wacian "to be awake, remain awake, watch" (see watch (v.)).

Both originally were intransitive only; the transitive sense being expressed by Middle English awecchen (from Old English aweccan) until later Middle English. In Modern English, the tendency has been to restrict the strong past tense and past participle (awoke, awoken) to the original intransitive sense and the weak inflection (awakened) to the transitive, but this never has been complete (see wake (v.); also cf. awaken).

awake

adj.

"not asleep," c.1300, shortened from awaken, past participle of Old English awæcnan (see awaken).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper