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[hur-nee-uh] /ˈhɜr ni ə/
noun, plural hernias, herniae
[hur-nee-ee] /ˈhɜr niˌi/ (Show IPA).
the protrusion of an organ or tissue through an opening in its surrounding walls, especially in the abdominal region.
Origin of hernia
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin: a rupture; akin to hīra gut; see haruspex
Related forms
hernial, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for hernial


noun (pl) -nias, -niae (-nɪˌiː)
the projection of an organ or part through the lining of the cavity in which it is normally situated, esp the protrusion of intestine through the front wall of the abdominal cavity. It is caused by muscular strain, injury, etc Also called rupture
Derived Forms
hernial, adjective
herniated, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Latin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hernial

early 15c., from Medieval Latin hernialis, from hernia (see hernia).



late 14c., hirnia, from Latin hernia "a rupture," related to hira "intestine," PIE *ghere- "gut, entrail" (see yarn). The re-Latinized spelling is from 17c. Related: Herniated (1879).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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hernial in Medicine

hernia her·ni·a (hûr'nē-ə)
n. pl. her·ni·as
The protrusion of an organ or other bodily structure through the wall that normally contains it.

her'ni·al adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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hernial in Science
A condition in which an organ or body part, such as the intestine, protrudes through an opening in the body structure that normally contains it.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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hernial in Culture
hernia [(hur-nee-uh)]

The projection of an organ or part of an organ through the wall of the structure that surrounds it. Most often, the term is applied to the protrusion of a part of the intestine that can be observed as a lump in the lower abdomen.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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